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APWH Chapter 6

STUDY
PLAY
Ritual bloodletting was crucial to Maya rituals because
Blood had high significance to them and their gods
The staple food of Mesoamerica was
Maize
Agriculture had spread through Mesoamerica by
2,000 BC
The term Olmec means
"Rubber People"
San Lorenzo and La Venta were
Major Olmec cities
The first society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later societies, was the
Olmecs
The Olmec common people
delivered portions of their harvest for the maintenance of the elite classes living
The most characteristic artistic creations of the Olmecs were
The Collosal Human Head Stones
The Olmecs traded extensively in all of the following items except
Arts such as Jade, Besalt, or ceramics, and local animal skins, Obsidian
All Mesoamerican societies used calendars derived ultimately from the
Olmec Calendar
The most important political center of the Mayan realm at its height was
Tikal
Which of the following devices did the ancient Maya build in order to trap silt carried by the numerous rivers passing through the Mesoamerican lowlands?
Terraces
The dominant political organization of the Mayans could best be described as
Well organized
In the ninth century C.E., a loose Maya empire was constructed by the state of
Chichen Itza
Which of the following mathematical concepts, essential for positional notation and the manipulation of large numbers, was invented by Mayan mathematicians?
They invented the concept of zero which allowed the manipulation of larger numbers
The Mayan calendar interwove a solar year of 365 days and a ceremonial calendar of _____ days.
260
The most flexible and sophisticated system of writing found in the ancient Americas was created by
the Maya
The Popol Vuh was
Amayan creation myth that the gods had created human beings out of maize.
The largest single building in Mesoamerica was
Pyramid of the Sun
The Chavin cult
A religion which appeared around 400 BC, spread through most of modern day Peru then vanished around 300 BC
One of the earliest Andean states, which left a remarkable artistic legacy through its ceramics, was
Mochica
Which statement correctly describes the relationship between the aboriginal peoples of Australia and New Guinea?
Very isolated but a small amount of trading between the two
Malayan, Indonesian, Filipino, Polynesian, and other Oceanic languages are derived from
Austronesian languages spread by scattering peoples
The Lapita peoples
The earliest migrants from Austronesia to settle Pacific Islands
Austronesian-speaking peoples became the first human settlers on this large island off the east African coast
Madagascar
Austronesian peoples established what type of political societies in the lands they settled?
Hierarcheal Chiefdoms