Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Democratic Kampuchea and Khmer Rouge ideology 1975-78
Terms in this set (19)
Communism.One-party government in reality; Uniformity and equality; Collective/state ownership; Central/state planning,provided necessities of life;
Abolition of private property.
Maoist Communist: based upon peasants and agricultural society.
Marxist Communist: based upon workers and industrial society.
The will to make Cambodia great and independent and, in extreme, racism in terms of hatred towards foreigners and foreign influence.
Social policies: including genocide of ethnic minority and killing of Khmer Republic officials, urban elite and intellectuals. 2 out of 8 million Cambodian population died under Pol Pot.
By 1979, 100,000 Muslim Cham had been killed or worked to death.
Around 10,000 Vietnamese Cambodians who did not flee were expelled or executed between 1977 and 1978.
Over half of the Chinese Cambodians died .
Those who spoke a foreign language or wore glasses were persecuted.
80% of teachers and 95% of doctors were murdered.
Thousands of Khmer Republic officials and their peasant relatives were killed in 1976 and 1977.
Socially, the genocide of ethnic minority could be argued as nationalist
Cambodian hated foreign influence, especially due to their humiliating experience under French and Japanese rule, and the bombing and invading of Americans. Vietnamese were traditional enemy of Cambodians due to disputes over Mekong Delta.
Socially, anti-intellectualism could argued as Maoist Communist
Mao downgraded intellectuals and viewed them as the traitors of the revolution, since they were often the most vocal critics.
Socially, genocide could be argued as Marxist Communist. Muslim Cham were mainly middle class and had their unique culture and religion, resisting collectivisation and was a threat to uniformity. Buddhist was abolished as well.
Pol Pot killed Cambodians as well, such as Cambodian officials, to achieve uniformity.
Chinese were mainly merchants who found it difficult to adjust to peasant life, they threatened uniformity and represent capitalism.
Evaluation: Pol Pot purged intellectuals because they were potential dissents who opposed his policies to make Cambodia great again through agricultural production.
Although ethnic Cambodians were also prosecuted, ethnic minority suffered disproportionately, it contradicts the communist ideology of equality.
Including collectivisation started from 1973, evacuation to rural areas in 1975 by telling them American bombs were coming. They soon deported 2 million residents of the overcrowded Phnom Penh. Money was abolished.
Economically, evacuation and collectivisation could be argued as Nationalist.
Evacuation increase agricultural labour, while collectivisation is supposed to increase food production. Cambodia was a society based on agriculture, Pol Pot understood that only self-sufficient in food could cut foreign trade completely thus free Cambodia from foreign influence and make it prosper.
Economically, evacuation, collectivisation and the abolition of money could be argued as Marxist Communist
This prohibits private ownership, encourages state planning and collective ownership, and could make people more equal as they worked together and share the same fruit. However, Marxist based upon an industrial society, led by workers.
Economically, evacuation and collectivisation could be argued as Maoist Communist.
Mao based his revolution upon the peasantry, Pol Pot shared his belief in the sanctity of manual labour and the peasantry, the countryside surrounding the city, collectivisation.
Evaluation: Marxist based upon an industrial society, led by workers. Mao turned to industrialization after the establishment of PRC 1949, for example, the first five year plan which expanded heavy industry. Pol Pot didn't.
He failed to provide everyone with necessities since there was food shortage and cannabilism went rife.
Politically, including diplomacy, Vietnamese-Cambodian clashes, and Sino-Cambodian relations.
He broke off diplomatic relations with the USSR and all Capitalist states in 1975, and subsequently with four communist states, e.g. Vietnam and Laos.
China was supportive but CPK was divided.
Vietnamese border clashes began in spring 1977, purged those with 'Vietnamese minds in Khmer bodies'.
Politically, diplomacy and clashes with Vietnamese could be argued as Nationalist.
USSR was too influential and dominant over small Communist countries, might deter Cambodia from being an independent and powerful state.
The four Communist countries including Laos and Vietnam, who were the traditional national enemies of Cambodia.
Politically, Cambodian-Vietnamese Border clashes in spring 1977 could be argued as Nationalist
Khmer Rouge initiated the border clashes. Traditional enemies and two Communist countries, Pol Pot executed those with 'Vietnamese minds and Cambodian bodies ', and conducted purges in zones bordering Vietnam.
Politically, diplomacy could be argued as Communist.
He cut off relations with capitalist countries to avoid capitalist influence.
Purging Vietnamese helped Pol Pot to consolidate his rule, thus makes it easier for one party dictatorship and central planning.
Evaluation: He wouldn't break off diplomatic relations with Communist states if he was Communist. Purging those with 'Vietnamese minds in Khmer bodies' went against the rule of equality.
Counter-argue Nationalism.Killing Cambodians was not justified.
Pol Pot's policies were for practical reasons rather than driven by ideology - collectivization to grow more food, evacuation to the countryside to prevent opposition.
Killing former officials and their relatives was only to consolidate Democratic Kampuchea's control over the country.
Sets found in the same folder
Reasons that US committed to Vietnam
Reasons for Eisenhower's policies
Reasons for Kennedy's policies
Sets with similar terms
World History Chapters 9-17 Semester Test
Unit 3, Lesson 13
AP Comparative Government & Politics - China
world history 26 - 29 questions
Other sets by this creator
Japanese verbs 1-4
Other Quizlet sets
World History Unit 7 ch. 22 (teri johnson)
POLS 241 Questions
Chapter 2 Government