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35 terms

Chap. 5 Study Guide

Chapter 5 Study Guide--Cody Edwards
STUDY
PLAY
bi-cameral legislature
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
constituent
an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up
franking privilege
The franking privilege is a well known benefit that aloows them to mail letters and other materials postage free by substituting their facsimile signature for the postage
immunity
an act exempting someone
censure
harsh criticism or disapproval
majority rule
the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group
minority rule
Government by a group of people who are different, politically or racially from the majority of the population
speaker of the house
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives- Nancy Pelosi
president pro-tempore
honorary position in the senate to senior member of the majority party when vp is gone
standing committee
a permanent committee
sub-committee
Division of existing committee that is formed to address specific issues
select committee
A temporary legislative committee established for a limited time period and for a special purpose.
joint committee
legislative committee composed of members of both houses
conference committee
committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form.
seniority system
the accumulation of power and authority in conjunction with the length of time spent in office
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
implied powers
powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
impeach
legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office
appropriations
funds reserved for a specific use
pigeonhole
to set a bill aside by a committee without considering it
filibuster
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
cloture
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
pocket veto
indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it
what are the qualifications and terms of office for the members of the u.s. house of rep?
Be 25 years old, have been a citizen for 7 years, be a legal resident of the state you are representing
what are the qualifications and terms of office for members of the u.s. senate?
30 years old, been a citizen for 9 years, a legal resident of the states you are representing.
list five benefits and privileges that members of congress receive
yearly salary, receive free trips back and from their home state,the righ to mail official letters, and immunity
list and describe 3 types of congressional sessions
regular- house and senate are in normal operation, closed only legislatures discuss more operation joint-both houses are present.
what is the purpose of the committees in congress
to make laws
list examples of both expressed and implied powers of congress
Implied powers of congress are the powers that the legislative branch has that are not specifically listed in the Constitution. Implied powers come from and depend upon the expressed powers of the government. For example, the power to draft people into the military is implied by the power of congress to raise an army and navy. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States
list the 3 basic limits to the powers of congress
taxing exports, favoring trade of state, granting title os nobility
committee
a self-constituted organization to promote something
full house/senate
placed on the house calendar
confrence committee
made out of an equal number of senators
president
the office of the United States head of state
presidental veto
when the president denies a bill from becoming a law