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Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows 7

Recycle Bin

holds deleted items until you remove them permanently


a set of desktop backgrounds, window colors, sounds, and screen savers

Start button

provides access to Windows 7 programs, documents, and information on the Internet


is a strip that contains buttons to give you quick access to common tools and running programs


is a small object, such as an arrow, that moves on the screen when you move your mouse


is your workspace on the screen

Notification area

displays icons corresponding to services running in the background, such as an Internet connection

Date/Time control

is an element that shows the current date and time and lets you set the clock

Operating system

is software that manages and coordinates activities on the computer and helps the computer perform essential tasks, such as displaying information on the computer screen and saving data on disks


software that a computer uses to complete tasks

Windows 7

name and version of an operating system


a worldwide collection of computers connected to one another to enable communication

User name

a unique name that identifies you


a confidential series of characters

Graphical User Interface (GUI)

uses graphics to represent items stored on your computer, such as programs and files


is a collection of related information; typical types of files include text documents, spreadsheets, digital pictures, and songs

Default settings

a set of standard settings that controls how the screen is set up and how a document looks when you first start typing

Pointing device

a piece of hardware connected to a computer that helps you interact with objects on the desktop


the most common type of a pointing device


to use pointing device to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop

Screen Tip

appears near the object to tell you the name or purpose of that object


refers to pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it


is a group or list of commands

Menu command

is the text you can click to complete tasks


list of additional choices related to the command

Start menu

provides access to programs, documents, and much more


point to the object and then click on that object


is a container that helps to organize the contents of your computer, such as files and folders


means clicking the left mouse button twice in quick succession


click an object with the right mouse button to open a shortcut menu

Shortcut menu

lists actions you can take with that object


separate areas of a menu or window

Search programs and files box

helps you quickly find anything stored on your computer, including programs, documents, pictures, music, videos, Web pages, and e-mail messages.

Computer window

is a tool that you use to view, organize, and access the programs, files, and drives on your computer

Control Panel

contains specialized tools that help you change the way Windows 7 looks and behaves

Help and Support

provides articles, video demonstrations, and steps for performing tasks in Windows 7

Program button

appears on the taskbar for each open program


close button located in the upper-right corner of the program window


allows you to work on more than one task at a time

Active program

is the one you are working with

Keyboard shortcut

is a key or combination of keys that perform a command

Aero Flip 3D

displays all your open windows in a three-dimensional stack so you can see the windows from the side


a rectangular area of the screen that contains a program, text or other data


are graphical or textual objects you use to manipulate the window or use the program


when you click an object and then press and hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse


is located at the top of the program window, immediately below the title bar, and is organized into tabs


contains commands that perform a variety of related tasks


a collection of buttons for related commands organized on a Ribbon tab

Quick Access Toolbar

row of buttons on the title bar that let you perform common tasks such as saving a file and undoing an action

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