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Terms in this set (6)
hieroglyph for 'life,' symbol of vital force.
God of embalming, showing as a jackal. Responsible for the weighing of the heart.
Aspect of the soul, shown in a bird-like form with the deceased's features. Able to leave the tomb but needs the body or a body substitute ti return to.
Book of the dead
Funerary text of the new kingdom, written on a papyrus and buried with the deceased. It details a number of spells (174 in the longest version) to protect the dead in the afterlife. Based on the Coffin Texts of the Middle Kingdom, which in turn derive from the Pyramid Texts engraved in pyramids of Dynasties 5 and 6.
Four jars with animal-headed stoppers holding the embalmed viscera and protected by the four sons of Horus. Imsety - man; liver, Hapi - ape; lungs, Duanutef - Jackal - stomach; Qebsennuef - falcon; intestine. So named by early egyptologists from canopus, the helmsman of Menelaus husband of Helen of Troy, who drowned of Egypt and was said to be worshipped at the port of Canopus as a human-headed jar.
Initially a sky-god shown as a falcon wings later identified with the sun and the idea of kingship. In time regarded also as the son of Isis and Osiris, whom he avenges against the desert god Seth. As the son of both the sun god re and the underworld and vegetation god Osiris, he is the most important link between the two major strands of Egyptian belief, the solar cult and the cult of Osiris, He is manifest in the person of the living Pharaoh.
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