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Sub-Saharan and WOD review

Global Cultures word review fall 2012
STUDY
PLAY
Kraal
corral or family compound
Boer
Farmer
Boer War
Between South African colonists: The Afrikaners and the British
Apartheid
Segregation; seperation of people based on race
Griot
Oral storyteller
Tixo
Great Spirit
Veld
Afrikaans for grass
Umfundisi
Minister, Parson, Preacher
Cry the Beloved Country
Stroy based in South Africa after WWII
Afrikaners
Descendents of the Dutch (Netherlands)
Colonization
a system by which one country conquers another country in order to exploit the natural resources
Stereotypes
Generalizations of People; placing people in a category or paradigm
Ethnocentricism
Thinking your people group is at the center of things; your group is superior
God Bless (Save) Africa
South African National Anthem
Afrikaans
Language of the Afrikaner
Africa
Continent not a Country
Arthur Jarvis
Started African Boys Club
John Kumalo
Bus Boycott leader in Johannesburg, South Africa; was a carpenter now a politician; character in Cry the Beloved Country
Kloof
deep ravine or valley
Zulu
People group found in South Africa
Tribe
replaced word with small people group
Stephen Kumalo
Father of Absalom; called umfundisi because he is a preacher
James Jarvis
Father of Arthur; rich; called Umnumzana or Sir
Absalom
caught in black crime; pays with life for killing Arthur Jarvis; didn't mean to kill
Memory
Remembering things;The ability to keep words, images, and concepts in your mind for long periods of time
Motivation
The energy, passion and initiative to "keep going" with reading tasks when the work becomes dry, boring, or difficult!
Metacognition
Thinking about Thinking; learning about learning
Boycott
An act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest
Culture
A way of lie
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Polythesim
Belie in many Gods
Polygamy
having more than one spouse at a time
Paradigm
a standard or typical example
Schema
The context; a form or pattern
Patri
Father; Man
Arch
Head of; in charge of
Patriarch
the male head of family or people group
Matri
Mother; Woman
Matriarch
a female head of a family or people group
Religion in Africa
Adopted religions: Christianity or Islam (Generally) because of Colonization
Original Religions: Animism or Ancestor Worship
Boycott
to join others in refusing to deal with a person or group; for example refusal to buy a bus ticket so the bus company suffers until it changes
upstander
Someone who acts when they see a human right violated.
bystander
one who looks on or observes, a person present but not taking part; allows human rights to be violated
society structure: Individualism or Collectivism
Individualism: worry about/concern for the individual; Collectivism: worry about/concern for the group (family, community, etc)
Politcal Map
shows information such as countries, states, cities, and captial cities
Physical Map
A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.
Stephen Biko
Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa
Nelson Mandela
advocated a militant branch of the ANC; 27 years on Robben Island; First Black South African President
Donald Woods
Editor; friend to Stephen Biko
Dr. Rhampele
Doctor at clinic; Managing director of World Bank, black woman; peace activist; banned for being activist
Desmond Tutu
This man was the leading spokesman of passive resistance to apartheid in the 1980's. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for his attempts to replace apartheid with a racially equal South African society. Black Archbishop
Longitude
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees; called Meridians
Lattitude
lines that run east and west dividing the earth; the lines that are like the rungs of a "ladder."
Root Words
main part of the word that provides the word's basic meaning; origin or basic unit of a word
"Go well!"
"Stay well!"--South African expression of compassion and concern!
Active Non-Violence: examples
Boycotts, sit-ins, protests, marches, strikes, petitions, burning pass cards, illegal gatherings, speaking out
avuncular
the oldest male (or uncle) in charge, making decisions for the family
collectivism
bring under collective control; working together as a group; emphasizes values that serve the group to preserve harmonious relationships.
individualism
separate and distinct from others of the same kind; involves giving priority to personal goals.
acculturation
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
assimilation
become similar to one's environment
Justice
the quality of being just or fair
Faith
loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person
Kafir
an offensive term for any Black African
laud
praise, glorify, or honor
Umnumzana
Afrikaans for Sir or Mr; word designating respect
Xhosa
a Bantu language closely related to Zulu
Zulu
a member of a people people of southeast Africa living in northern Natal