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APWH Period 4 Key Terms
Terms in this set (56)
Rule by king or queen whose power is not limited by a constitution.
Russians who conquered and settled Siberia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
A term used in colonial Spanish America to describe a person born in the Americas of European parents.
A practice of the Ottoman Empire to take Christian boys from their home communities to serve as Janissaries.
The belief of absolute rulers that their right to govern is granted by God.
Western learning embraced by some Japanese in the eighteenth century.
A practice in the Spanish colonies that granted land and the labor of the native Americans on that land to European colonists.
A philosophical movement in the eighteenth century Europe that was based on reason and the concept that education and training could improve humankind and society.
The traditional legislative body of France.
The bloodless overthrow of English King James I and the placement of William and Mary on the English throne.
Christian church that was converted into an elaborate mosque, palaces were constructed in the city
Members of the Ottoman army, often slaves, who were taken from Christian lands.
Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic missionary and educational order founded by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534.
A European economic policy of the sixteenth century through the eighteenth century that held that there was a limited amount of wealth available, and that each country must adopt policies to obtain as much wealth as possible for itself; key to the attainment of wealth was the acquisition of colonies.
Peoples from northeastern Asia who founded China's Qing dynasty.
In Spanish colonies, persons of mixed European and Indian descent.
Rulers who controlled most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
In the Spanish and Portuguese colonies, a person of mixed African and European descent.
A sovereign whose people share a common culture and national identity.
A government with a kind or queen whose power is limited by the power of parliament.
In the Spanish colonies, those who were born in Europe.
The Hindu custom of secluding women.
The recapture of Muslim-held lands in Spain by Christian forces in 1492
In the Spanish colonies, a replacement for the encomienda system that limited the number of working hours for laborers and provided for fair wages.
Most well known structure of the Mughal era and was constructed by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Brought a degree of centralized authority to Japan.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The 1494 treaty in which the pope divided unexplored territories between Spain and Portugal.
A political unit ruled by a viceroy that was the basis of organization of the Spanish colonies.
An economic system based on private ownership and opportunity for profit-making.
A small, easily steerable ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in their explorations.
The exchange of food crops, livestock, and disease between the Eastern and Western hemispheres after the voyages of Columbus.
An agent with trade privileges in early Russia.
A passage through the North American continent that was sought by early explorers to North America as a route of the trade to the East.
Involved the seizure of sailors from foreign vessels
The practice of contracting with a master to provide labor for a specified period of years in exchange for passage and living expenses.
The portion of trans-Atlantic trade that involved the passage of Africans from Africa to the Americas.
The eighteenth century trade network between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
The religious reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that occurred in response to the Protestant Reformation. It reaffirmed Catholic beliefs and promoted education.
The expansion of trade and commerce in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
The concept of God common to the Scientific Revolution; the deity was believed to have set the world in motion and then allowed it to operate by natural laws
Research based on a collection of data.
A philosophical movement in eighteenth century Europe that was based on reason and the concept that education and training could improve humankind and society.
The practice of the Roman Catholic churches of prohibiting participation in the sacraments to those who do not comply with the church teachings and practices.
The concept that the sun is the center of the universe.
A document whose purchase was said to grant the bearer the forgiveness of sins.
An economic concept that holds that the government should not interfere with or regulate businesses and industries.
Principles that govern nature.
Statements for debate hung by a German priest, Martin Luther
An extension of the Italian Renaissance to the nations of northern Europe; the Northern Renaissance took on a more religious nature than the Italian Renaissance.
French Enlightenment social philosophers
Th belief of Protestant reformer John Calvin that God had chosen some people for heaven and others for hell.
A religious movement begun by Martin Luther in 1517 that attempted to reform the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; it resulted in the formation of new Christian denominations.
A European intellectual movement in the seventeenth century that established the basis for modern science.
Society of Jesus
Also known as Jesuits. Organized to serve as the missionary and educational arm of the church.
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