Terms in this set (26)
English Philosopher who influenced Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence;" contract theory of government: people have a right to overthrow a bad government, and set up a new one.
Revolutionary, wrote Common Sense, in which he Challenged the right of the King of England to rule the American colonies; urged Americans to rebel against English rule and declare independence from England.
Wrote the "Declaration of Independence" and the " Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom;" was an anti-Federalist; served as Washington's Secretary of State; pro-farmer; leader of Democratic-Republican Party; as President, purchased the Louisiana Territory from France.
Virginia Revolutionary; opposed British rule in America; made the " give me liberty or give me death!" speech.
Led the American troops in the Revolution; one of the people who organized the Constitutional Convention of 1787; presided over the Constitutional Convention; first President of the U.S.
Revolutionary; American ambassador to France; negotiated the treaty with France that brought the French into the Revolution as America's ally.
One of the framers of the Constitution; wrote the "Virginia Declaration of Rights," which stated that the government should not violate basic human rights; influenced the writing of the "Bill of Rights".
Federalist leader; first Vice President; second U.S. President.
Federalist leader; believed in a strong national government and supported banking, business and industrial interests in the northeast.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; built up the power of the U.S. Supreme Court; established the principal of "judicial review;" prohibited the states from taxing the federal government's agencies and institutions.
Lewis and Clark
sent by President Jefferson to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase and the land westward to the Pacific.
Indian woman who served as a guide for the Lewis and Clark expedition.
invented the Cotton Gin; led to the spread of cotton and slavery in the South.
first President to make extensive use of the Spoils System; killed the Bank of the United States by vetoing its rechartering; helping bring on the Panic of 1837.
ran against Jackson for President in 1832.
William Lloyd Garrison
northern abolitionist; editor of The Liberator, an Anti- Slavery newspaper.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
abolitionist; wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, an Anti- Slavery novel that influenced northern Anti-Slavery sentiment.
led the 1831 slave revolt in Virginia.
plotted an Anti-Slavery revolt.
ran and debated against Stephen Douglas for the U.S. Senate seat from Illinois; abolitionist; President of the U.S.; led the U.S. through the Civil War; issued the Emancipation Proclamation; delivered the Gettysburg Address; assassinated.
slave who sued for his freedom; case led to the Dred Scott Decision, which made it illegal to stop the spread of slavery.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
early women's rights advocate; helped organized the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848; Seneca Falls Declaration, demanding women's right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony
women's rights advocate in the late 19th/early 20th Centuries; worked for the cause of women's suffrage.
Ulysses S. Grant
commanded the United States Army; victorious over the South's Armies; Lee surrendered to him, thus ending the Civil War; weak President, whose administration was filled with scandals.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general; commanded the Army of Northern Virginia; did not believe is secession or slavery , but did not believe that the U.S. should be held together by force; surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House, thus ending the Civil War; urged Southerns to accept defeat and become Americans once more.
leading Black abolitionist; urged Lincoln to recruit free Blacks and former slaves to fight in the Union Army.