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38 terms

U6 Political Parties and Elections

STUDY
PLAY
voter apathy
seen often among youth who feel their votes will not make a difference
national convention
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
third party
a political party organized in opposition to the major parties in a two-party system
primary election
Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election
open primary
Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.
closed primary
Primary election in which only persons registered in the party holding the primary may vote.
platform
a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
political party
organized group of people who want to control or influence govt. by winning elections, holding public office, and having laws and policies reflect their political beliefs.
caucus
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
poll
a survey taken to measure public opinion
just plain folks
identifying the candidate as "just one of the common people"
bandwagon
propaganda technique that tries to persuade the person to do, think, or buy something because it is popular or everyong is doing it
watchdog
The function of the party "out of power" to keep an eye on the other party and govt.
canvassing
going through neighborhoods asking for votes or taking public opinion
name calling
a method of propaganda that is an attempt to turn people against and opponent or an idea by using unpleasant labels or descriptions for that person or idea
Electoral College
The system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party's candidates.
PAC
Political Action Committees; an organization formed to collect money and provide financial support for political candidates
lobbyist
representative of an interest group or corporation who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
absentee ballot
Allows a person to vote without going to the polls on election day.
electorate
All persons having the right to vote.
winner take all
System in which the candidate with the majority of the popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes
candidate
a person running for office
campaign finance reform
Legislation aimed at placing limits on political candidates accepting money and gifts from individuals and special interest groups
House of Representatives
Group that decides who will be president if no candidate has a majority of the electoral votes
popular vote
the total vote cast across the nation for a candidate
electoral vote
the official vote for the president of the US
Iowa
state with the first presidential caucus every four years; has great influence
New Hampshire
site of the first presidential primary every four years; has great influence
nominate
to select candidates to run for public office
plank
each individual part of a political party's platform
delegates
people who are chosen by a political party to go to the convention to nominate the candidates
spoiler
Role played by minor party in which votes are pulled away from major party candidate
bipartisan
two major parties find common ground and work together
precinct
voting district
glittering generalities
propaganda technique that uses statements that sound good but are meaningless
transfer
uses symbols, quotes, or images of a famous person to sell a product (or politician)
literacy test
a method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level
poll tax
A fee to vote; abolished by the 24th amendment