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6 classes of Nutrients:

Carbs, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water

Carbs have how many Kcal per gram?


Fats have how many Kcal per gram?


Proteins have how many Kcal per gram?


Organic minerals include:

Calcium, Sodium, and Zinc

Monosaccharides are:

single sugar

Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose are:


Disaccharides are:

double sugars

Sucrose, Lactose, and Maltose are:


Sucrose is made up of:

glucose and fructose

Lactose is made up of:

glucose and galactose

Maltose is made up of:

glucose and glucose

Soluble substances hold onto ? and sit in ?

toxins, colon

Insoluble substances are resistant to ? do not sit in ? and aid in ?

water, colon, elimination

Most fibers are ?


Resistant starches are classified as:


Type I diabetes usually occurs in:

childhood/ adolescents

Treatment for Type I diabetes is:

Insulin therapy

Treatment for Type 2 diabetes is:

Diet, exercise, insulin, oral meds

Basil insulin is:

Continuous acting insulin at rest

Bolus insulin is:

Rapid succession insulin while person is eating

The best treatment for hypoglycemia is:

Glucose tablets

Glucagon is a hormone from the ? and secretes ? for cells

liver, insulin

? of women develop diabetes during pregnancy


Women with type 2 diabetes during pregnancy often deliver ? and have ?

large babies, c-sections

Fats are lipids that are ? at room temperature


Oils are lipids that are ? at room temperature


Triglycerides are composed of ? fatty acids attached to a glycerol "?"

3, glycerol

The two essential fatty acids are ? and ?

Linoleic, Linolenic

How many essential amino acids are there?


Excessive urine is called?


What is gestational diabetes?

Diabetes in which women experience during pregnancy who don't previously have it.

Can obesity cause insulin resistance?


What is the main function of CHO in the body?

The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body with food and energy.

How many calories are in 100 grams of CHO?


What is a polysaccharide?

A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.

Glucose stored in the body is called?


What are disaccharides?

Any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain two monosaccharide residues.

What hormone helps move glucose from the blood into the cells called?


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