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39 terms

Food Nutrition 62

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6 classes of Nutrients:
Carbs, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water
Carbs have how many Kcal per gram?
4
Fats have how many Kcal per gram?
9
Proteins have how many Kcal per gram?
4
Organic minerals include:
Calcium, Sodium, and Zinc
Monosaccharides are:
single sugar
Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose are:
monosaccharides
Disaccharides are:
double sugars
Sucrose, Lactose, and Maltose are:
dissacharides
Sucrose is made up of:
glucose and fructose
Lactose is made up of:
glucose and galactose
Maltose is made up of:
glucose and glucose
Soluble substances hold onto ? and sit in ?
toxins, colon
Insoluble substances are resistant to ? do not sit in ? and aid in ?
water, colon, elimination
Most fibers are ?
polysaccharides
Resistant starches are classified as:
Fibers
Type I diabetes usually occurs in:
childhood/ adolescents
Treatment for Type I diabetes is:
Insulin therapy
Treatment for Type 2 diabetes is:
Diet, exercise, insulin, oral meds
Basil insulin is:
Continuous acting insulin at rest
Bolus insulin is:
Rapid succession insulin while person is eating
The best treatment for hypoglycemia is:
Glucose tablets
Glucagon is a hormone from the ? and secretes ? for cells
liver, insulin
? of women develop diabetes during pregnancy
7%
Women with type 2 diabetes during pregnancy often deliver ? and have ?
large babies, c-sections
Fats are lipids that are ? at room temperature
solid
Oils are lipids that are ? at room temperature
liquid
Triglycerides are composed of ? fatty acids attached to a glycerol "?"
3, glycerol
The two essential fatty acids are ? and ?
Linoleic, Linolenic
How many essential amino acids are there?
9
Excessive urine is called?
Polyuria
What is gestational diabetes?
Diabetes in which women experience during pregnancy who don't previously have it.
Can obesity cause insulin resistance?
True
What is the main function of CHO in the body?
The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body with food and energy.
How many calories are in 100 grams of CHO?
400gm
What is a polysaccharide?
A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.
Glucose stored in the body is called?
Glycogen
What are disaccharides?
Any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain two monosaccharide residues.
What hormone helps move glucose from the blood into the cells called?
Insulin