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Psychology Final Exam
Terms in this set (104)
The first two schools of psychology are..
C: Structural and Functionalists
Mitch wants to study how different levels of stress cause changes in academic performance. Stress and academic performance are...
The cells of the nervous system that do the work of receiving, integrating, and transmitting information are the...
Light strikes the retina's receptors, triggers neural signals which move to the bipolar cells. Bipolar cells transfer the signal to the ganglion cells sending a neural impulse along the optic nerve to the brain. This is how we...
Jim is doing research on children. He wants to see if watching 4 hours of TV a day has an affect on children aggressive behavior compared to not watching and TV. The independent variable is...
The school of psychology that focuses on identifying and examining the fundamental components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings and images was...
A hypothesis is...
B: A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables.
Neurotransmitters are secreted from the...
B: Terminal Body
A biologist has discovered an animal that has eyes that are very similar to human's eyes. However, this animal's eyes only have rods as receptor cells in the retina. There are no cones. Based on what is known about the human vision; you might expect that this animal would..
B: Have no color vision
When a neuron fires, the previous neuron is said to give what type of message to the firing neuron...
C: Excitatory Message
With which of the following statements would a behaviorist agree?
D: Psychology should be the science of behavior that can be observed by others
Which of the following is NOT a step in a scientific investigation?
D: Rework the data to find what you want
An Action Potential is...
B: An electrical signal that travels along the axon of a neuron.
he selection, Organization and interpretation of sensory input is called...
The range for a correlation Coefficient goes from ____ to _____.
D: -1,0 to +1.0
The space between a terminal button and a dendrite is referred to as the...
According to the___ theory, receptor cells for color are linked in pairs, and when one of the cells is activated the partner cells are inhibited.
Suzy believes that all people are capable of self-fulfillment. Her belief is consistent with the _____ perspective.
In a study designed to test the effects of a new drug developed to treat Alzheimer's disease. Half of the patients were given the actual drug while the other half of the patients were given a placebo. in this study, the experimental group is...
B: The group who received the actual drug
Which of the following is NOT a neurotransmitter?
Neurons in the occipital lobe of the cortex that responds selectively to a very specific features of more complex stimuli such as shapes and patterns. This is what theory?
C: Feature Detection Theory
Which of the following is most likely to be studied by a cognitive psychologist?
A: Strategies used by college students to solve a particular problem.
The ability to infer a cause-and-effect relationship is associated only with the...
B: Experimental Research Method
The _____ nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy (such as flee from an attack)
The Pinna, Eardrum, Hammer, Anvil, Stirrup, and the cochlea are parts of...
Tammy has lived near the harrisburg airport for the past 10 years. When friends visit tammy at her house, they are looking up every 15 minutes because of planes taking off or landing. Tammy doesn't even notice anymore because of...
Psychologists could be found working..
D: All of the above
The largest most complex part of the brain which consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system and cerebrum is the...
The only sense that is NOT routed through the thalamus before it projects onto the cortes is...
Which of the following is the correlation coefficient that indicates the STRONGEST relationship between two variables...
Messages travel in ____ form within the neuron and in ____ form between neurons.
D: Electrical; Chemical
Any measurable conditions, events, behaviors that are controlled or observed by the research in a study are...
Marla is a research assistant who is collecting data on the side effects of a new medication for depression. the participants do not know whether or not they have actually been given the medication, and Marla also does know which got the real drug. Marla is part of a...
B: Double-Blind Procedure
Acetylcholine, Glutamate, Gamma-amino butyric acid, dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, and endorphins are all....
Which of the following is a sleep problem?
E: All of the above
The form of a memory code is...
The knowledge about a particular object or event that is drawn form previous experiences with an object or event is called...
In Classical Conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the...
B: Unconditioned response
The relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience is considered to be what...
Sensory input, sensory memory, short-term/working memory, and long term memory are all components of what theory...
A: Informational Processing Theory
A person trying to solve a problem must see the relationship amongst the parts of the problem. Which of the 3 basic classes of problems is the person working on?
C: Problems of inducing structure
When discussing about reasoning, this formula Area= Length x Width is an example of a(n)
Pavlov's dogs were conditioned to salivate (respond) to a conditioned stimulus which was....
The tendency to favor information that supports ones initial hypothesis and ignore contradictory information that supports an alternative hypothesis or solution is....
A: Confirmation Bias
Sheri had no trouble falling asleep, but was experiencing difficulty remaining asleep. Sheri could be suffering from...
The recovering of information from memory store is....
When dreaming, we tend to dream about this/these person(s) the most...
According to BF Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforce of it...
C: Increases the probability of the response that produced it
Pavlov conditioned a dog to salivate by ringing a bell, then giving the dog meat. He then kept ringing the bell and stopped giving the food to the dog. The dog salivation weakened and then stopped due to not receiving the meat after the bell. Pavlov termed this as...
Of the following which should you do while driving?
D: Should not do any of the above, they each take away from your ability to drive safely
Language acquisition follows the principles of reinforcement and conditioning. A child could say, "mama" mom is ecstatic and hugs child, giving lots of praise. This is which theory on how we acquire language?
A: Learning theory approach
Reinforcement will _________ the rate of a response, while punishment will ________ the rate of a response.
A: Increase, decrease
Hypnotism cannot be use for what of the following...
C: Fortune telling
A process of teaching a complex behavior by rewarding closer and closer approximation of the desired behavior is called...
In class, I discussed about the deeper levels of processing which results in a longer lasting memory code. Basically, this is the degree in which newly encoded information is mentally analyzed. Which theory did they discuss?
D: Levels of processing theory
The awareness of both external and internal stimulus that is constantly changing is called....
In classical conditioning a neutral stimulus by itself will elect what type of response...
C: No response
The Skinner Box is a small enclosure where an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequences of the response are controlled is using what learning theory?
B: Operant conditioning
A reinforce is given after a fixed number of non-reinforced responses...
A: Fixed ratio
A "MODEL" in the cognitive behavioral perspective (learning) is considered...
A: The person who is being observed
When Tammy's alarm clock went off, she was dreaming about an alarm in her dream. She then realized that this was her alarm and hit the snooze button. Tammy fell right back into the dream she was having. Tammy was in REM sleep, what brain wave is active during this stage of sleep...
Which of the following will alter our mental, emotional, and behavioral functioning (commonly referred to as psychoactive drugs in the psychological realm)?
D: All the Above
This theory basically states that dreams permit information that is critical for our daily continued existence to be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep is...
D: Dreams for Survival Theory
Jim's Boxer, "Gunther" would jump up and down at the door before Jim even got out of his can and into the house after he came home from school or work. Gunther, however, would growl and bark at any other car that pulled into the driveway. Gunther is doing what?
B: Stimulus discrimination
A problem solver using cognitive shortcuts that make lead to a solution. He/she is using this approach to the problem as a guiding principal to help solve the problem. The problem solver is using what approach?
Jack was hungry and thirsty. He went to the restaurant across the street and paid for his meal and soda. The money Jack used can be considered what type of reinforcement?
This has health benefits such as reducing stress hormones, increase in self-esteem and decrease in blood pressure...
Freud believed that we dream because we want to do what?
B: A way for us to fulfill our desires and wants
The appearance of an extinguished response after a period of non-exposure to the condition stimulus albeit that the response is weaker is...
D: Spontaneous recovery
Mary (age 36) is very neat and clean. Mary finds it appalling when others are not clean or leaves things lay around. she prides herself in her attention to detail. Sigmind Freud would say Mary has a(n) ____ from the anal stage...
Sean is an apprentice in the field of masonry. He is learning skills and strategies to create building designs in masonry stone mason. Sean is gaining knowledge on how to solve problem situations when working with brick and mortar. Sean is gaining what type of intelligence?
C: Crystalized Intelligence
Little Jimmy (age 4) draws on walls has toys laying around and has a dirty face. He never gets in trouble. His parents love him but let him do whatever he wants. His parents fit what type of parenting style?
Being able to tell me what you did on spring break even though you weren't thinking about is. Freud would say that we are retrieving this from our...
Which of the following is NOT a stage of Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development?
You are walking the streets of NYC and a guy has a Three Card Monte game going. You walk by because you know you will lose your money. You are using what type of intelligence in this situation?
B: Practical Intelligence
This stage of prenatal development lasts from week 2 to 8...
C: Embryonic Stage
We want immediate gratification in todays society. We want things and we want them now. Frued stated that this is the _______...
Little Jimmy is rather easy child to watch. While his mom is watching him. hw doesn't care who is watching him. Little Jimmy seems to be independent. The attachment between Jimmy and his mother is...
At the beginning of the first two weeks the sperm penetrates the ovum. this mass of cells divides and floats until about 7-10 days in which it implants onto the uterine wall. this is called the....
A: Germinal Stage
What type of exam are you taking?
A: Achievement Test
"You do what I say because I said so and do not give me lip!!" A parent who is rigid and punitive saying things like this to their child would be conquered what type of parent in the parenting style theory?
When a person buries a distressing feeling such as extreme pain due to loss of a love one, into the unconscious. This is called repression which is a...
C: Defense mechanism
The time periods or sequences of age related changes that occur from conception to death of a person is called....
This intelligence reflects the information- processing capacities in which a person detects a relationship and the speed in which they analyze the info by using their memory and reasoning. This is the definition of...
A: Fluid intelligence
Your boss makes you stay longer for work but you have plans with your friends. You want to slap him since he made you stay later. The personality that took over in this situation is the...
In Piaget's cognitive development sensorimotor period. a child will develop the knowledge that their mother still exists when she leave the room. (Peek a boo) Piaget termed this as...
D: Object Permanence
Teratogen can cause problems to the prenatal baby, which of the following would be the correct answer?
E: All the above
This formula gives you what score??
A: Intelligence Quotient
Which of the following is one of the things most adults would try to attain, during their adult years (18-50)?
Tom (43) is a strong, determined personality, went to his 25 year high school reunion. He saw Jim, who used to pick on him and bully him all the time. Tom experienced anxiety and fear with Jim because of the bullying and resorted to the meek personality he had in high school. Adler would state that Tom has a(n)?
D: Inferiority complex
In this prenatal stage, there is rapid growth and all the organs develop. It can open and close its eyes and also hear. A neonate is the result of this stage. This stage is called the...
D: Fetal stage
Linguistic, Logical, Body, Spatial, Interpersonal, Interpersonal, Natural and Musical are considered distinct spheres of intelligence. What theory is this from?
B: Gardner's multiple intelligences
Tom is in the midst of the Identity vs. Role confusion stage. He is trying to figure out who he is and where he is going. This is part of Erikson theory of __________________ Development?
The capacity to understand the world, think rationally and use resources effectively when faced with challenges is the most basic definition of?
__________________________ is the close emotional bonds of affection that develop between infants and their caregivers is called..
A baby born before 24 weeks and will more than likely not survive. The 24 week point is considered the age of ______________________.
Amy has reached the point in her cognitive development in which she is able to understand sarcasm, jokes, discuss the finer points of politics and why the government is messed up. Which stage of Piaget Cognitive Development is she in?
D: Formal operational
Which of the following is NOT a stage of grieving?
The child expresses anxiety before separation, he/she will seek closeness to the parent when often they are allowed to explore; the parent leaves, the child is usually distressed and on return, he/she has a mix clinginess with anger (resistive behavior struggling when held and sometimes hitting and pushing), the child may continue to cry and cling after being picked up and cannot be comforted easily. What attachment is this?
At which stage of Freud's Psychosexual States of Development does the Super Ego develop?
The father and mother of a child separated and divorced. The mother got custody of the child. The father moved to the other side of the country. He sends the child birthday cards every year and a present during the holidays. The child never hears or sees the father any other time. This is an example of which parenting style?
Sensorimotor period, proportional period, concrete operational and formal operational are all stages of ___________________ ________________ theories on cognitive development.
C) Jean Piaget
When in class, I discussed a theory by Alfred Adler in which the first born child gets all the attention. The second born child gets half the attention. The second child gets half the attention. The third born gets 1/3 the attention. This is all part of his theory in...
D: Birth Order
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