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a loud harsh or strident noise


the natural, rhythmic rise and fall of a language as it is normally spoken

carpe diem

"Seize the day"; a Latin phrase implying that one must live for the present moment, for tomorrow may be too late.


a release of emotional tension, an emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety


the opposite of parallel construction; inverting the second of two phrases that would other wise be in parallel form i.e. "By day the frolic, and the dance by night". Samuel Johnson The Vanity of Human Wishes.


characteristic of ordinary conversation rather than formal speech or writing


an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off

comic relief

A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood


a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects


the implied or associative meaning of a word


the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words, repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words in close proximity, as in boost/best; it can also be seen within several compound words, such as fulfill and ping-pong

conventional character

a character with traits that are expected or traditional


two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme, two lines of verse that form a unit alone or as part of a poem, especially two that rhyme and have the same meter, also contain the same number of syllables


foot of poetry with three syllables, one stressed and two short or unstressed


the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression, compared to connotation


the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work


the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning


having the primary purpose of teaching or instructing, moralizing


an exaggeration or stretching of the truth to achieve a desired effect


a mournful poem, especially over the dead


the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause


a short, clever poem with a witty turn of thought


the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme.


a moment of sudden revelation or insight


any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality, a disparaging or abusive word or phrase

deus ex machina

A god who resolves the entanglements of a play by supernatural intervention. The Latin phrase means, literally, "a god from the machine." The phrase refers to the use of artificial means to resolve the plot of a play., any active agent who appears unexpectedly to solve and insoluble difficulty

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