Italian & Northern Renaissance
Terms in this set (30)
People who specialized in study the humanities. Included studying grammer, history, poetry, and rhetoric.
An art technique that makes different objects look smaller in the background and it was to create an illusion of depth on a flat canvas.
Rebirth - was both a philosophical and artistic movement. Movement following the Middle Ages that centered on revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome; French word meaning "rebirth."
She was intelligent and powerful and used her wealth to support artists and scholars.
One of the first humanists. Scholar, teacher and wrote poetry. Felt it was important to lead a full life here on Earth. Wrote Poetry - "sonnets to Laura" considered some of the greatest love poems in Literature.
A Florentine diplomat and historian. Worked to describe a goverment based on the way in which it worked. Looked to the ancient Romans as models. "...Much safer to be feared than loved."
Lenardo da Vinci
Architect, engineer, painter, sculptor, and scientist. His science and math knowledge helped him to create his paintings. Most famous paintings - last summer and Mona Lisa
Master of Renaissance art. Painted the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican. Wrote poetry and helped to design St. Peter's in rome. Sculpted David
What were the main features of Renaissance humanist thought?
humanist thought focused on studying the classics, taking a critical approach, and admiring human achievement.
In what way does Machiavelli's work differ from that of other humanists?
Machiavelli foucused more on the aspects of governement rather than on the people. The lack of concern for conventional morality in the prints sets him apart from other humanists of that time.
How did Renaissance and medievel art differ from each other?
Renaissance artists created realistic scenes and images. Medieval art was more about the world beyond everyday life. Medieval focused of religion, while Renaissance focused on realistic scenes and images.
First European to use moveable type to print books. He printed copies of the Bible. 1400-1468. German goldsmith and printer who is credited with inventing movable printing type in Europe abround 1439. Created the 42-line Gutenberg Bible, noted for its high aesthetic and technical quality. HIs printing technology was a key factor in the European Renaissance, and is considered one of the most important inventions of all time.
Most influential humanist of northern Europe. He was a dutch scholar. He learned about humanist from printed books.
English humanist and friend of Erasmus. He condemed governments are corrupt and argued that private ownership of property caused unnecessary conflicts between people. is most famous writing was Utopia, which describes the political arrangements of the imaginary island country of Utopia.
Most widely known author in all fo English literature. His insight in to human nature and use of the English language mark his many plays and his poetry. Wrote Romeo & Juliet. Macbeth.
A school where the painters perfected certain techniques of painting on oil canvas. They paid attention to great detail.
How did the printing press effect life in Europe?
The printing press made possible the spread of Renaissance ideas. It was a faster way to share the
How did Erasmus and More differ from Italian Humanists in their outlook in life?
They were interested in early Christians as well as classical culture.
What evidence would you give that realism was important in northern Renaissance art?
The more realistic figures and the subject matter portrayed gave evidence that realism was important in northern Renaissance.
critical approach, studied classics, admired human achievement
used classical writing as models, shown concern for morality
combined religious themes with humanistic values, realistic human figures and scenes, use of perspective
What were the events that lead to the Renaissance in Italy?
Crusade and trade lead to contact with Byzantine civilization, renewed with classical Greek and Roman literature, knowledge of African achievements in science and medicine.
How did religion influence Renaissance thought and art
Renaissance art combined religions themes with humanistic values of the time period. It showed religious figures are realistic human beings. Renissance thought included leading a meaning ful life and believe in human dignity.
What ethical issues did Humanists struggle with during the Italian Renaissance?
The wanted to find a balance between spiritual and earthly motivations, and quests.
interest in human achievements, figures in art work looked like Greek gods.
interest in early Christian period, more realistic figures and subject matter in art work.
Commonalities of Italian and Northern Renaissance
Interest in early Greek and Roman culture, use of perspective in painting, reflected ideas of Christian Humanism.
Why did the printing press spread so quickly throughout Europe.
Books could not be printed quickly and economically which resulted in ideas spreading faster.
What were the main ideas and values of the Northern Renaissance?
Interest in the early Christian culture as well as the classics, and a value in the spiritual church were the main ideas and values of Norrthern Renaissance.
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Compare and contrast the Italian Renaissance with the northern Renaissance.