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Chapter 4: The New Psychology

PSY4604
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Külpe opposed Wundt by claiming that conscious thought processes can be carried out without the presence of sensations or feelings. Külpe's view is known as
imageless thought
Wundt's term voluntarism reflects his emphasis on the
power of the will to organize the contents of the mind
Other than Stumpf's research, his greatest influence on psychology may have been
educating the founders of Gestalt psychology
The first system or school of thought in psychology was called
voluntarism by Wundt
Wundt classified sensations according to which characteristics?
intensity, duration, and sense modality
In his early work when he was his own experimental subject, the 29-year-old Wilhelm Wundt found that he could
not pay attention to two things at once
While Wundt had argued that learning and memory could not be studied experimentally, who soon proved him wrong?
Ebbinghaus
Titchener noted that the first significant advance in the study of learning since Aristotle was
the development of the nonsense syllable
The subject matter of psychology is the act of experiencing, according to
Brentano
Stumpf's method of observation was
phenomenology
Research suggests that many psychology historians consider ____ to be the most important psychologist of all time.
Wundt
Which of the following are the three dimensions of Wundt's tridimensional theory of feelings?
pleasure/displeasure; tension/relaxation; excitement/depression.
Which of the following is NOT one of Wundt's experimental conditions?
Observers must be able to describe the qualitative aspects of their experiences.
Stumpf and Wundt engaged in a bitter fight over the topic of
the introspection of tones
The Gestalt psychologists' best-known tenet is that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. This same tenet was alleged in Wundt's principle of
apperception
In Wundt's laboratory, introspection was used to assess
immediate experience
Wundt's theory of feelings was based on
his own introspections
For Wundt, the subject matter of psychology was
consciousness
Which of the following methods is defined as "the examination of experience as it occurred without any attempt to reduce experience to elementary components."
phenomenology
In 1867, Wundt offered the first course ever given in
physiological psychology
Ebbinghaus' curve of forgetting shows that
material is forgotten rapidly in the first hours after learning and then the forgetting slows down
Act psychology, in contrast to Wundt's approach, claimed that psychology should
study mental processes or functions and not mental structure
Wundt's system is most accurately identified as
experimental psychology
Given that many of his research findings remain valid today, ____ can be seen as more influential than ____
Ebbinghaus; Wundt
Ebbinghaus is important for the history of psychology because he
successfully challenged Wundt's claim that higher mental processes, such as learning and memory, could not be studied in the laboratory
Brentano's system of psychology was called ____ psychology
Act
Wundt argued that cognitive processes such as learning and memory could not be studied by experimental methods because
they were influenced by language and aspects thereof
This person was influenced by Fechner's rigid and systematic use of measurement in developing his own methods for researching higher level cognitive processes.
Hermann Ebbinghaus
For Brentano, the primary research method was
observation
Wundtian psychology in Germany was slow to develop because
it was not seen as having practical value
For Wundt, feelings are
based on three dimensions including pleasure/displeasure
According to Wundt, there were two elementary forms of experience, namely
sensation and feelings
The fundamental purpose of creating nonsense syllables was to
control for previous learning
The ultimate fate of Wundt's laboratory at Leipzig was that it
was destroyed by allied bombing raids in World War II
Wundt's modification of introspection was the
use of experimental controls
The significance of Ebbinghaus's work is in his
rigorous use of experimental control and his quantitative analysis of data
Wundt established psychology as distinct from philosophy primarily in terms of its
use of the experimental method
____ work on ____ was the first "venture into a truly psychological problem area" rather than on physiology.
Ebbinghaus'; learning
Wundt's doctrine of apperception refers to
the process of organizing mental elements into a whole