Module #4 study guide

Apologia "Exploring Creation with Biology, 2nd Edition" study guide for Module # 4
Extracellular Digestion
digestion that takes place outside of a cell
Rhizoid Hypha
A hypha that is imbedded into the material on which the fungus grows.
An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments.
The anaerobic breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules
A filament of fungal cells
If a fungus forms haustoria, is it saprophytic or parasitic?
What kind of hypha exists in all multicellular fungi?
Rhizoid Hypha
What does chitin provide for a fungus?
toughness & flexibility
Name two specialized aerial hyphae.
Sporophore & Stolon
______ form spores on clublike basidia.
______ have no known sexual mode of reproduction.
______ form sexual spores where hyphae fuse.
______ resemble both protozoa and fungi.
What part of the mushroom holds the basidia?
The gills.
Give the means of sexual reproduction and one means of asexual reproduction employed by bread molds.
Two hyphae can fuse together to form a zygospore, or a hyphae can lengthen its stolon and form new filaments.
Name to pathogenic fungi and the maladies that they cause.
From phylum Chytridiomycota, Synchytrium endobioticum, which causes the potato wart. From Basidiomycota, rusts, which infect wheat plants.
What useful medicine is produced by fungi in genus Penicillium? There is a general name for such medicines. What is the general name?
Penicillin, Antibiotic.
A biologist looks through a microscope at a single-celled life form. The microscope is not good enough to discern whether the cell is eukaryotic or prokaryotic. However, the biologist does see that the cell reproduces by budding. What is the most likely kingdom in which this organism belongs?
Kingdom Fungi.
Why do slime molds appear in kingdom Protista in some biology books?
Because they resemble a protozoan in their feeding stage, and a fungus in their reproductive stage.