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sexual response cycle

the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson

excitement phase

the genital areas become engorged with blood, a woman's vagina expands and secretes lubricant, and breasts and nipples enlarge

plateau phase

excitement peaks as breathing, pulse, and blood pressure rates continue to increase

orgasm phase

muscle contractions all over the body

resolution phase

male enters a refractory period

refractory period

a resting period after an orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm


a sex hormone secreted in greater amounts by women and men


the most important of the male sex hormones; both male and females have it

Industrial Organization (I/0) psychology

fast-growing profession that applies psychology's principles to the workplace

personnel psychology

applies to psychology's methods and principles to selecting and evaluating workers

organizational psychology

considers how work environments and management styles influence worker motivation, satisfaction, and productivity

human factors psychology

explores how machine and environments can be optimally designed to fit human abilities

task leadership

setting standards, organizing work,k and focusing attention on goals

social leadership

mediating conflicts and building high-achieving teams


a mix of physiological arousal (heart-pounding), expressive behavior (quickened pace), and conscious experience

James-Lange Theory

your feeling of fear followed by your body's response

Cannon-Bard Theory

implies that your heart begins pounding as you experience fear

Schachter-Singer's two factor theory

in order to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal


When taking an exam, it pays to be ______________ aroused


Runners performing an easy or well-learned tasks, peak performance comes with relatively _______________ aroused by competition.


Basketball players will most probably shoot better free throws if they are__________ aroused

spillover effect

when one emotion continues from one situation to another; more happy about getting job after running as opposed to just waking up



adaptation-level phenomenom

our tendency to judge various stimuli relative to those we have experienced previously


emotional release

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