Structure and function

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Terms in this set (...)

appellate jurisdiction
the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in lower courts
armed forces
the nation's military Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, National Guard and Navy
article
a numbered chapter or section of a contract treaty or constitution
coining money
the power of the legislative branch to print money (coins and bills) for use
concurrent powers
powers shared by the national state and or local government
declaration of war
the power of Congress to vote to go to war with another country
Delegates powers
the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution also known as enumerated powers
elastic clause
the power of Congress to pass all laws they deem necessary and proper for carrying out its enumerated powers also known as implied powers
enumerated powers
the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution also known as delegated powers
executive branch
the branch of government that enforces the laws made by the legislative branch
foreign relations
the power of the executive branch to decide on the United States dealings with other countries in order to achieve national goals
immigration
the movement of people from one country to another country
impeach
to bring formal charges of wrongdoing against a public official such as the U.S. President
implied powers
powers not written in the U.S. Constitution but are necessary and proper in order for the federal government to carry out the expressed powers; Article 1 Section 8, Clause 18 gives Congress the power to do what it deems necessary and proper to carry out the delegated powers
judicial branch
the branch of government that interprets the laws made by the legislative branch
legislative branch
the branch of government that creates laws
naturalization laws
laws made by Congress that people from other countries must follow in order to become legal citizens of the United States
necessary and proper
the power of Congress to make laws that they need to carry out their enumerated powers
original jurisdiction
the power of a court to be the first to hear a case on a specific topic; for the U.S. Supreme Court this involves cases involving conflicts between Congress and the president and in cases in which a state is a party
presidential appointments
the power of the U.S. President to choose members of his or her cabinet, ambassadors to other nations, and other officials in his or her administration
regulate
to control, govern, or direct according to rule
trade
to buy and sell goods or services
U.S. Congress
the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house
U.S. House of Representatives
the lower house of the U.S. Congress
U.S. Senate
the upper house of the U.S. Congress
U.S. Supreme Court
the highest court of the United States; it sits at the top of the federal court system