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PSY 211 Exam 3: Sample Questions
Terms in this set (31)
The basic premise behind radical behaviorism is that we should only study observable behavior and that mental concepts are unnecessary.
Cognitive approaches to learning and memory try to identify mental states (such as "memory," or "thought") by studying the genetic makeup of organisms.
Forgetting a response is the same thing as extinguishing the response.
In most cases, forgetting of a response
increases as the retention interval is lengthened
If learning students' names in this semester's class makes it harder for me to remember the names of students in last semester's class, we have a case of
The three basic types of memory are sensory memory, short-term memory, and working memory.
Remembering exactly where you were and what you did on the day that Michael Jackson died is an example of episodic memory.
If you get perfect scores on your psychology exams only when you do all of your studying in the examination room, this fact would provide strong positive evidence for
Lester Lush meets the girl of his dreams while he is inebriated at a party and asks her to marry him. The next day at the altar, when he is sober, he does not recognize her. This is an example of
state dependent memory
Animals that solve problems in a sudden, "insightful" manner, demonstrate a form of behavior that cannot be explained by trial and error learning.
Creativity can be shaped in animals by rewarding novel forms of behavior, but this only works for intelligent primates.
Researchers have been successful in teaching pigeons concepts such as "taller," "bigger" and "human being" by using discrimination training techniques.
Often, the most important stage in successful problem solving is how the problem is
Two phases required for successful learning of most classical concepts involve learning
rules and attributes
The solution shift experiment supports the cognitive view of concept learning by showing that, for adult human subjects
a reversal shift is easier than an extradimensional shift
There is no good evidence for vicarious learning of a classically conditioned response.
The evidence suggests that an operant response can be learned by watching a model perform an action.
Self-efficacy refers to the belief that an individual has the ability to succeed at a task.
Which of the following situations represents vicarious learning as opposed to simple imitation?
a worker learns how to earn bonus pay by copying the behavior of co-workers who get bonus pay
Which of the following conditions produces the best goal-setting results?
be highly committed to achieving the goals
Social cooperation is thought to be important in the evolution of intelligence because group hunting demands intelligent traits.
Most of the phonological development in children occurs at the same time they are learning sensory-motor coordination
Mastering two-word sentences is a skill the child must learn before he or she starts to babble
The fact that children produce sentences that they have never in fact heard is taken as support of which conception of language?
A child who says things like "tooths," "mouses," and "goed," is overgeneralizing the rules of language.
It is probably safe to say that the best we have done, so far, in teaching language to the apes is to bring them to the level of
two-year old children
Natural selection is a mechanism by which species adapt to changes in their environment.
Learning is a mechanism that allows individuals, as opposed to whole species, to adapt to their environment.
Studies show that if children do not obtain intimate contact within the first few years of life they have trouble forming social bonds. This is an example of a critical period
As humans evolved from early primates, the portion of the brain dedicated to controlling the body grew larger than other brain areas
The view that evolution and natural selection are guided by a purpose and a design is called
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