40 terms

Civil War 1

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Abraham Lincoln
President of the
United States during the Civil War/
Assassinated in 1865
Border States
Although these states did not officially join the Confederacy, many of their citizens supported the South
Clara Barton
Famous nurse/ one of the founders of the Red Cross
Confederacy
Incorporated the states that seceded from the United States of America to form their own nation in 1861
Casualty
A soldier who was wounded, killed, or missing in action
Dred Scot
Famous Slave who sued for his freedom in the Supreme Court and Lost
Emancipation Proclamation
Legal Document
Jan 1. 1863
Freed Slaves in Rebelling Southern States
Fredrick Douglass
Freed Slave and Major Leader of the Abolitionist/Famous Autobiography
Gettysburg Address
Speech given by Lincoln in 1863 which redefined the Union aims in the Civil War
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote the Book "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States during the Civil War
John Brown
Extreme Abolitionist who led failed Raid at Harper's Ferry and was executed for it
George McClellan
Early popular commander of the Army of the Potomac (Union)/ Always planning/ outsmarted by Lee
Nullification
the refusal by a state government to allow application of a section of federal law
Republican Party
A political party created in the 1850s to prevent the spread of slavery to the territories.
Robert E. Lee
Renowned General of the army of Northern Virginia (South) who won several Battles over equipped and larger Army of the Potomac (North)
Secession
Withdrawal from the Federal government of the United States. Southern states voted to separate from the Union.
Slavery
A state of bondage in which African Americans were owned by other people, usually white, and forced to labor on their behalf.
Strategy
a carefully devised plan of action to achieve a goal, or the art of developing or carrying out such a plan
Ulysses S. Grant
Early Union General in the West/Reputation as drinker/Appointed Overall Commander in 1863/ Finally succeeded in defeating Lee /Later elected President
Union
Also called the North or the United States, the portion of the country that remained loyal to the Federal government during the Civil War
Johnny Reb
Nickname for average Southern/Confederate Soldier
Billy Yank
Nickname for average Northern/Union Soldier
Abolitionists
Someone who wishes to abolish or get rid of slavery
Fugitive
Somebody who runs away or flees, e.g. from justice, enemies, or brutal treatment
Blockade
The effort by the North to keep ships from entering or leaving Southern ports
Cash Crop
A crop, such as tobacco or cotton, grown--not for food like corn or wheat--but to be sold
Democratic Party
The major political party in America most sympathetic to states rights and willing to tolerate the spread of slavery to the territories
Hardtack
term used to describe the crackers often time issued to soldiers of both sides during the Civil War.
Thomas J. Jackson
"Stonewall"/Southern Commander considered a fabulous strategist and Lee's right-hand man/died of his wounds in 1863 after Chancellorsville
Reconstruction
A term used to describe the time in American history directly after the Civil War /South "Rebuilt"
Sectionalism
Promoting the interests of a section or region (such as the North or the South) instead of the entire country
Siege
Blocking the supply lines and escape routes of a city to force it to surrender
States Rights
This doctrine held the powers of the individual states as greater than the powers of the Federal government.
William Sherman
Led "March to the Sea" of Union Army across Georgia and South Carolina/"Scorched Earth" and "War is Hell" policy
U.S. Sanitary Commission
Set up Union Hospitals and Battlefield Medical Facilities during the War
Cotton Gin
Machine used to more easily remove seeds from cotton and led to the expansion of slavery
Carpetbaggers
Northerners who moved to the South to make money after the war
Internal Improvements
Construction of Roads/Canals/ and Industry within the United States/ Mostly in the North
Tariff
Taxes on imported Goods/Unpopular in South