40 terms

Civil War 2

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Jim Crow Laws
Discriminatory Post Civil War Laws aimed at Freed Slaves
Vicksburg
City in Mississippi/Strategic Key to Control of the River/Surrendered July 4 1863
Gettysburg
Battle in Pennsylvania in July 1863/Turning Point of the War/Union Victory
Industrial Revolution
Rise of the Machines/ Factories/Railroads /Northern Advantage/Part of Sectionalism
Rural
Agricultural in nature/spread out population/More traditional economy
Urban
More Industrial economy/Larger Population bunched in towns and Cities
Foreign Slave
Trade Slaves imported directly from Africa outlawed in 1808
Sharecropping
Replaced Slavery after War/ Plantation owners rented land to Freed Slaves in return for percentage of crops
Appomattox Courthouse
Site of Lee's surrender to Grant in April 1865
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator and Vice President who invoked nullification as a doctrine to combat protective Tariffs
Fort Sumter
Site of the opening conflict of the Civil War
13th Amendment
Addition to the Constitution that freed all slaves in US
Home Field Advantage
One of the few positives for the South since most of the Battles were fought in their Backyards
Ironclads
A ship protected by iron armor.
Anaconda Plan
Union strategy to surround the Confederacy with a Blockade and Control of the Mississippi River
Compromise of 1850
A series of 5 bills designed to settle sectional differences prior to the Civil War
Missouri Compromise
1820 attempt to settle expansion of slavery question
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 repealed the Missouri Compromise and allowed Popular Sovereignty / Led to Civil War
James Buchanan
President from 1856-1861/Failed to promote compromise or settle sectional issues
"Oh Captain, My Captain"
Famous poem about the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
The Red Badge of Courage
Realistic Civil war novel written by Stephen Crane in 1898
William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist Leader who published the newspaper
The Liberator
Matthew Brady
First Great War Photographer
Andersonville
Infamous Confederate run Prison Camp in Georgia
Harper's Ferry
Virginia Site of John Brown's famous "Slave Rebellion"/Raid
1st Manassas /Bull Run
First MAJOR Battle of the War/Confederate Victory led by Stonewall Jackson
Peninsula Campaign
Series of Battles in Virginia in a failed Union attempt to capture Richmond
Richmond
Capital of the Confederate States of America located here/replaced Montgomery, Alabama
Joshua Chamberlain
Hero of Little Round Top at Gettysburg/ Maine School Teacher
James Longstreet
Lee's second in command at Gettysburg/Disagreed with fight and advised Flanking Union further South
Shiloh
1862 Battle in Tennessee/ Grant's first Big Battle/Confederate General A.S. Johnston killed
Mary Chesnut
S.C. Woman /kept famous Civil War Diary
Olustee
Only major Civil War Battle in Florida
Rose O'Neal Greenhow
Political Hostess and Confederate spy jailed in Washington and later drowned in a Blockade runner
Free-Soilers
farmers who lived in Kansas and other frontier areas and were against the spread of slavery to their territory
Henry Clay
Author of both the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater
Popular Sovereignty
the people of each territory should be able to decide for themselves if slavery should be allowed in their territory
"Fire-Eaters"
Extremists Southerners who defended Slavery and said Abolitionists were inciting slaves to murder all slave-owners in their beds
Antebellum
A term often used to describe the United States of America before the outbreak of the Civil War.