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61 terms

child development exam

STUDY
PLAY
developmental task
challenge that must be met or skill developed at a particular stage of life
heredity
the passing on of certain characteristics from earlier generations
professional
a worker who has at least a degree from a four-year college or technical school in a particular field
paraprofessional
a worker with education beyond high school that trains him or her for a certain field
entry-level
a position for beginners in a field, one which requires limited education and training
self-esteem
how you value yourself
self-concept
how you see yourself
sexuality
a person's view of himself or herself as a male or female
abstinence
avoiding sexual activity
open adoption
a type of adoption in which the birth parents are told about the adoptive parents and may even get to meet them
closed adoption
a type of adoption in which the birth parents do not kno the names of the adoptive parents
miscarriage
the unexpected death of a developing baby before 20 weeks of pregnancy
STDs
an illness spread from one person to another by sexual contact
adoption
a legal process by which children enter a family they were not born into
blended family
a family group that is formed when a single parents marries another person, who may or may not be a parent as well
extended family
a family group that includes relatives other than a parent and child who lives with them
nuclear family
a family group that includes a mother and father and at least one child
single-parent family
a family group that includes one parent and at least one child
guardian
adult who takes all financial and legal responsibility for raising a child when the childs parents die
authoritarian style
a parenting style based on the idea that children should obey their parents without question
democratic style
a parenting style in which parents allow children some imput into rules and limits put on their behavior
permissive style
a parenting style in which parents give children a wide range of freedom, with children being able to set their own rules
nurturing
giving a child opportunities for encouragement and enrichment and showing love, support, and concern for the child
accreditation
a formal process in which the NAEYC reviews a child care facility's staff, programs, and enviroment to see if they meet the associations strict standards
nanny
trained worker hired by a family to provide live-in child care
parent cooperative
child care situation in which part of the care is provided by the parents of children in the program
play group
child care arrangements in which parents take turns caring for each others children in their own homes
preschool
a facility that provides education programs for children aged three to five
fetal alcohol syndrome
a condition that includes physical and mental problems that result from a mothers drinking alcohol while shes pregnant
prenatal period
period before pregnancy
postpartum period
period after pregnancy
conception
the union of an ovum and sperm, resulting in the beginning of a pregnancy
fixed expense
a cost that cannot be changed
flexible expense
a cost over which people have some control and which can be cut back if necessary
budget
a spending plan used to help people set financial goals and work towards them
cesarean birth
the delivery of a baby by making a surgical incision in the mother's abdomen
apgar scale
a rating system used to evaluate a newborn's physical condition
bonding
forming strong emotional tiesbetween parent and child
premature
babies born before 37 weeks of developments and weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces
grasp reflex
the automatic response of a newborn's hand to close over anything that comes in contact with the palm
rooting reflex
a newborns automatic response, when touched on the lips or cheeks, of turning toward the touch and beginning to suck
startle reflex
a newborn's automatic response to a loud noise or a touch on the stomach, in which the legs are thrown up, fingers spread, and arms are first extended, and then brought back rapidly while the fingers close in a grasping action
colostrum
the first milk produced by a womans breast after child birth
incubator
a special enclosed crib used for premature babies in which the oxygen supply, temperature, and humidity can be closely controlled
jean piaget
first person to study children in a scientific way focusing on how they learned
genes
along with heredity this is one of the reasons there are so many birth effects
microwave
where never to heat formula
headstart programs
helps disadvantaged children become ready for school
breast
the type of milk that doctors recommend babies be given
2
the age the brain has reached its full adult size
uterus
where the baby implants itself
24-30
the amount of weight a pregnant woman should gain
maternity leave
time off workt aht allows a woman to give birth, recover, and begin to care for her new baby
12-20
the amount of sleep a newborn baby needs
obstretricians
doctors who specialize in prenatal and postnatal care of the mother and baby
missed period
first sign of pregnancy
1-2
the amount of pounds a baby should gain in about a month
20
inches long that the average newborn is
identical
always the same sex
fraternal
formed when two eggs are released at the same time and each is fertilized
still birth
if a baby dies after 20 weeks