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46 terms

Phonology: IPA Chart - Intro to English Linguistics

vowels, consonants, dipthongs
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/p/
pat, lap

Bilabial Stop
/b/
bat, lab

Bilabial Stop
/t/
tap, cot

Alveolar Stop
/d/
dam, cod

Alveolar Stop
/k/
kong, car

Velar Stop
/g/
gong, dog

Velar Stop
/f/
fan, cliff

Labiodental Fricative
/v/
van, swivet

Labiodental Fricative
/θ/
(th)igh, pa(th)

Interdental Fricative
/ð/
(th)y, (th)e

Interdental Fricative
/s/
sap, cats

Alveolar Fricative
/z/
zap, jazz

Alveolar Fricative
/ʃ/ (/š/)
(sh)ine, po(sh)

Palatal Fricative
/ʒ/ (/ž/)
mea(s)ure, trea(s)ure

(Alveo-) Palatal Fricative
/h/
happy, hill

Glottal Fricative
/tʃ/ (/ĉ/)
(ch)ill, tou(ch)

(aleveo-) Palatal Affricate
/dʒ/ (/ĵ/)
jill, ju(dg)e

(Aleveo-) Palatal Affricate
/m/
mull, skim

Bilabial Nasal (voiced)
/n/
ri(ng), rank

Alveolar Nasal (voiced)
/l/
lava, hill

Alveolar (lateral) Liquid (voiced)
/r/
ring, mar

Alveolar (bunched) Liquid (voiced)
/w/
will, tower

Bilabial Glide
/j/
yes, yard

(Alveo-) Palatal Glide
/i/
beat, eaten

High Front
/I/
bit, innocent

High Front
/e/
bait, ate

Mid Front
/ɛ/
b(e)t, (e)nd

Mid Front
/æ/
b(a)t, (a)sh

Low Front
/ə/
(a)bout, ph(o)netic
(unstressed)
Mid Central
/ʌ/
w(a)s, t(u)b, b(u)t
(stressed syllable)
Mid Central
/u/
boot, reduce

High Back
/ʊ/
g(oo)d, s(oo)t

High Back
/o/
boat, open

Mid Back
/ɔ/
b(ou)ght, c(o)ffee

Mid Back
/∂/
c(o)t, b(o)ther

Low Back
/∂I/
b(u)y
/∂ʊ/
b(ou)gh, r(aw)
/ɔI/
b(oy)
/i/, /I/
Front High
/e/, /ɛ/
Mid Front
/æ/
Low Front
/ɘ/, /ʌ/
Mid Central
/u/, /ʊ/
High Back
/o/, /ɔ/
Mid Back
/∂/
c(o)t, b(o)ther Low Back
Allomorphs
Any variant of a morpheme. (plurals: -s, -es, -en, etc.) Zero plurals too. (deer, sheep, fish).