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9 terms

Phonology: English Consonants - Intro to English Linguistics

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Place of Articulation
Location of the passive and active articulators.
Manner of Articulation
How close the articulators get and how that affects airflow.
Voicing
Whether vocal cords are pulled back (voiceless or unvoiced) or vibrate (voiced) when a consonant sound is produced.
Stops
completely obstruct airflow. /b/, /p/
Fricatives
passive and active articulators are brought very close together and create friction as air passes through the mouth. /f/
Affricates
Combine a stop and a fricative. (chatter)
Nasals
Flow of air from the lungs through the nose. /m/, /n/, /v/
Liquids
Distinguished by the position of the tongue. Articulators are near near each other but not enough to impede airflow entirely. /l/, /r/
Glides
Speech sound produced by transition from one speech sound to another. /w/, /j/