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Gender Studies: Feminism
Terms in this set (40)
- The concept of abjection is best described as the process by which one separates their sense of self - be that physical and biological, social or cultural - from that which they consider intolerable and infringes upon their 'self', otherwise known as the abject. The abject is, as such, the "me that is not me.
- Kristeva's concept of abjection is utilized commonly and effectively to explain popular cultural narratives of horror and misogyny, and builds on the traditional psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan.
an account of their capacity for individualized choice and action. The question of women's agency was salient for feminist philosophers because women's identities took shape in settings that were in some respects inimical to their interests.
The Beauty Myth
How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women
also referred to as gender binarism (sometimes shortened to just binarism), is the classification of sex and gender into two distinct, opposite and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine. It is one general type of a gender system.
refers to the practices and policies through which powers of society regulate the human body, as well as the struggle over the degree of individual and social control of the body.
- The powers at play in body politics include institutional power expressed in government and laws, disciplinary power exacted in economic production, discretionary power exercised in consumption, and personal power negotiated in intimate relations.
- Individuals and movements engage in body politics when they seek to alleviate the oppressive effects of institutional and interpersonal power on those whose bodies are marked as inferior or who are denied rights to control their own bodies.
- refers to the way feminist ideas and icons are appropriated for commercial purposes, emptied of their political significance and offered back to the public in a commodified form - usually in advertising.
- is embodied by the many men in society who do not themselves live up to the ideal of hegemonic masculinity, yet benefit from its dominant position in the patriarchal order
(sometimes guerrilla communication) is a tactic used by many anti-consumerist social movements to disrupt or subvert media culture and its mainstream cultural institutions, including corporate advertising.
A society that is free from any association with or dependence on gender
The individual sensation of feeling as though your identity is divided into several parts, making it difficult or impossible to have one unified identity.
- The male gaze, coined by feminist film critic Laura Mulvey, is the way visual arts depict the world and women from a masculine point of view and in terms of men's attitudes.
- The male gaze consists of three different gazes:
that of the person behind the camera,
that of the characters within the representation or film itself, and
that of the spectator
- Sex is a hierarchy: male above female, man above woman, boy above girl.
- But gender, which even WHO, the World Health Organization, defines as masculinity or femininity, is a patriarchal construct much more complex than a simple hierarchy — gender is a system by which patriarchy rewards conformity.
- is the imposition or enforcement of normative gender expressions on an individual who is perceived as not adequately performing, through appearance or behavior, the sex that was assigned to them at birth
Gendered Media Cycle
leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others
dislike of or prejudice against homosexual people
The Fear of Being Perceived Gay
is a psychological term for the exaggeration of male stereotypical behavior, such as an emphasis on physical strength, aggression, and sexuality.
I/Me (Margaret Mead)
- is a concept often used in critical theories to describe the ways in which oppressive institutions (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, xenophobia, classism, etc.) are interconnected and cannot be examined separately from one another.
is a subculture initially associated with Britpop music of the 1990s. "The image of the 'lad' or 'new lad' arose in the early 1990s as a generally middle-class figure espousing attitudes conventionally (though not necessarily correctly) attributed to the working classes".
- describes the normative definition of American Masculinity. Describes characteristics - aggression, competition, anxiety - and the arena in which those characterostocs are deployed - the public sphere, the market place.
- Marketplace is the arena in which manhood is tested and proved, it is a gendered arean, in which tensions between women and men and tensions among different groups of men are weighted with meaning.
This notion of the mirror as a window into some other space or time is also symptomatic of certain myths and superstitions surrounding the mirror - particularly, the idea that the mirror can act as a window into the afterlife
dislike of, contempt for, or ingrained prejudice against women.
Sexual objectification is the act of treating a person as an instrument of sexual pleasure.
-more broadly means treating a person as a commodity or an object without regard to their personality or dignity.
a manuscript or piece of writing material on which the original writing has been effaced to make room for later writing but of which traces remain.
- "gender proves to be performance— that is, constituting the identity it is purported to be. In this sense, gender is always a doing, though not a doing by a subject who might be said to pre-exist the deed"
Politics of Location
- It was as a radical feminist. The politics of pregnability and motherhood. The politics of orgasm. The politics of rape and incest, of abortion, birth control, forcible sterilization. Of prostitution and marital sex. Of what had been named sexual liberation. Of prescriptive heterosexuality. Of lesbian existence.
- Postcolonial feminists imagine a world in which differences are celebrated and enjoyed.
- Postcolonial feminists work for social, cultural, economic, and religious freedoms for women
a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group of people.
is a field of post-structuralist critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and women's studies. Queer theory includes both queer readings of texts and the theorisation of 'queerness' itself.
A prevailing negative reaction towards men who act in a feminine way
hegemonic masculinity is a concept popularized by sociologist R.W. Connell of proposed practices that promote the dominant social position of men, and the subordinate social position of women.
Third Wave Feminism
Third-wave feminism refers to several diverse strains of feminist activity and study, whose exact boundaries in the history of feminism are a subject of debate, but are generally marked as beginning in the early 1990s and continuing to the present.
Third World Feminism
- Feminism in developing "third world" countries
- The core criticism of postcolonial feminism is that Western feminist movements failed to provide a guide for women in the Third World.
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