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Idea that there is a racial, ethnic, genetic component of Judaism. Jews were a dangerous "mongrel" race.


Jewish movement dedicated to the establishment of a politically viable, internationally recognized Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel.


Jewish Teachings. The five books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy


In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age.


An ethnic group of the Jews that migrated first to Italy, spread throughout central and Eastern Europe and thence to the Americas.


Hebrew Bible (Jewish Scriptures)


An urban area occupied by those rejected by society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities.


Great compendium of Jewish law and lore


"Meeting places" to read the Torah and to worship communally, praying simply and directly to God.


Jewish legal decision and the parts of the Talmud dealing with laws.


settling of the divine presence of God, especially in the Temple in Jerusalem.


Path of ecstatic piety


(Second largest group) descendants of those who migrated to Spain from West Asia in the 8th and 9th C.


(Middle Ages)-esoteric teachings. Jewish mystical tradition.


Day of the week set aside for rest and worship


Ritually acceptable foods, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodoxy.

Reform or Liberal Judaism

Began in the mid 19th C.- help modern Jews appreciate their religion rather than regarding it as meaningless.


The "anointed," the expected King and deliverer of the Jews


Teacher; the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation.


Literature delving into the Jewish torah.


Literature delving into the Jewish torah.


"five books of Moses" that appear at the beginning of the Tanakh-most sacred part of the scriptures


A quorum of ten adults males-had to be present for community worship.

Orthodox Judaism

Encourage Jews to live by halakah and segregate themselves from non-Jewish secular culture

Bar Mitzvah

Ceremony celebrating coming of age, at thirteen, in Jewish Boys.

Bat Mitzvah

Non-orthodox congregations for girls


a person chosen to speak for God and to guide the people of Israel


The murder of almost six million European Jews by the Nazi-leadership of Germany during


mass-dispersions of people with common roots, expulsion of Jews from the Middle East


A unique belief introduced into Jewish theology-idea of a special covenantal relationship between the Jewish people and God.


Belief in one god


primarily a day of rest and spiritual enrichment.

Rosh Hashanah

New Years Day. Is a time for spiritual renewal in remebance of the original creation of the world

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement. A day set aside for fasting, depriving oneself of pleasures, and repenting from the sins of the previous year.

Yom Haatzuma-ut

holiday celebrating Israel's independence in 1948.

Yom Hashoah

Holocaust remembrance day


8-Day fall harvest festival. Sukkot is also known as the Festival of Booths and the Feast of Tabernacles. A simple outdoor booth is built and decorated as a dwelling place for 7 days. Done as a ritual to remind the faithful that their real home is in God, who sheltered their ancestors on the way from Egypt to the promised land of Canaan.


Feast of dedication. Also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple


Commemorates the legend of Esther.


(Passover): Celebrates the liberation from bondage in Egypt and the springtime advent of new life. It was the tenth plague, death to all firstborn sons of the Egyptians, that finally brought the pharaoh to relent. Marked by a sedar dunner, with the eating of Matzah.

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