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Idea that there is a racial, ethnic, genetic component of Judaism. Jews were a dangerous "mongrel" race.
Jewish movement dedicated to the establishment of a politically viable, internationally recognized Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel.
An ethnic group of the Jews that migrated first to Italy, spread throughout central and Eastern Europe and thence to the Americas.
An urban area occupied by those rejected by society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities.
"Meeting places" to read the Torah and to worship communally, praying simply and directly to God.
(Second largest group) descendants of those who migrated to Spain from West Asia in the 8th and 9th C.
Reform or Liberal Judaism
Began in the mid 19th C.- help modern Jews appreciate their religion rather than regarding it as meaningless.
"five books of Moses" that appear at the beginning of the Tanakh-most sacred part of the scriptures
Encourage Jews to live by halakah and segregate themselves from non-Jewish secular culture
A unique belief introduced into Jewish theology-idea of a special covenantal relationship between the Jewish people and God.
New Years Day. Is a time for spiritual renewal in remebance of the original creation of the world
Day of Atonement. A day set aside for fasting, depriving oneself of pleasures, and repenting from the sins of the previous year.
8-Day fall harvest festival. Sukkot is also known as the Festival of Booths and the Feast of Tabernacles. A simple outdoor booth is built and decorated as a dwelling place for 7 days. Done as a ritual to remind the faithful that their real home is in God, who sheltered their ancestors on the way from Egypt to the promised land of Canaan.
Feast of dedication. Also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple
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