Social Studies Constitutional
Terms in this set (54)
How long is a president's term of office?
house of representatives and the senate
What two groups make up the congress of the United States?
Which branch of government has the power to pass laws?
Which branch of government has the power to enforce laws?
Which branch of government has the power to determine whether laws are unconstitutional? (interpret the law)
if he vetoes the bill
What would the president need to do to stop a new bill from becoming a law?
bill of rights
What is the name given to the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and what do they guarantee (in general)
Who has the power to declare war and to raise armies?
separation of powers
What is the term that describes the division of government into three branches?
The president appoints them, and the congress approves
How are the members of the Supreme Court chosen?
What is a state's representation in the House of Representatives based upon?
What is the term that describes when citizens vote for their political representatives in government?
Who has the power to make treaties with foreign governments provided two-thirds of the Senate approves?
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws ______________ is an example of checks and balances.
The power is divided between a central government so the central government couldn't get too powerful.
What is the purpose of federalism?
To introduce a constitutional amendment, what majority is required in congress?
Who is president of the Senate but has no vote unless the Senate is equally divided?
How many members of Congress must vote to pass a bill after it has been vetoed?
Which article of the Constitution provides the important process of amending the Constitution?
9 out of the 13
How many states had to ratify the Constitution before it took effect?
Which amendment gave African American men the right to vote?
Which amendment protects the right to petition government?
18 was repealed by 21
What is the only amendment to be repealed and which amendment repealed it?
Popular Sovereignty, republicanism, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, limited government, individual rights
What are the seven principles of government?
to help make sure the branches work together fairly.
Why did the Framers include a system of checks and balances in the Constitution?
to make laws.
What is the main job of the legislative branch?
shall be the president of the senate
What role does the vice-president of the united states play in the senate?
there can more senators instead of the two senators of the senate.
Why are there more members in the House of Representatives than the Senate?
to export taxes
What is one of the powers denied to Congress?
to enforce the laws.
What is the chief purpose of the executive branch?
take an oath
What are the requirements for becoming president?
he needs the consent of the Senate and 2/3 of the senators.
How does the Constitution limit the presidents power to make appointments and treaties?
to interpret the laws.
What is the main purpose of the judicial branch?
allows the supreme court and other federal courts to play a key role in lawmaking.
What is judicial review?
cases affecting ambassadors and cases in which a state shall be party.
What are two kinds of cases that can begin in the Supreme Court?
all the privileges and immunities
What rights does Article 4 guarantee to citizens if they go to other states in the nation?
2/3 of the several states calling a convention for proposing amendments, or 3/4 of the several states convention
What are two ways of proposing an amendment to the Constitution?
this constitution and the laws of the united states which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all the treaties made, or which shall be made under the authority of the United States
What makes up "the supreme law of the land"?
Which amendment protects your privacy?
Which amendments guarantee fair legal treatment?
Which amendment prevents the federal government from taking powers away from the states and the people?
Which amendments affected the office of president?
Which pair of amendments shows the failure of laws to solve a social problem?
Which amendments corrected unfair treatment toward African Americans and women?
the process of accusing a public official of wrongdoing.
a way to give full citizenship to a person born in another country.
a law that condemns a person without a trial in court.
bill of attainder
a law that would make an act a criminal offense after it was committed.
ex post facto law
the right to vote.
fair treatment under the law.
due process of law
a state of belonging to an owner or master.
an election in which registered members of a political party nominate candidates for office.