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67 terms

OMIS 2

STUDY
PLAY
Is a set of interrelated components that collecet, manipulate, store and disseminate data information and provide a feedback mechanism to meet an objective
information system (IS)
consists of raw facts, such as employee number, total hours worked in a week inventory part numbers or sales orders
data
when facts are arranged in a meaningful manner
information
is the awarness and understanding of a set of information and the ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or reach a decision
knowledge
a set of logically related taskes performed to achieve a defined outcome
process
a set of elements or components that interact to accomplish goals
system
a measure of what is produced divided by what is consumed
efficiency
a measure of the extent to which a system achieves its goals, it can be computed by dividing the goals actually achieved by the total of the stated goals
effectiveness
the activity of gathering and capturing raw data
input
converting or transforming data
processing
production of useful information, usually in the form of documents and reports
output
output that is used to make changes to input or processing activities
feedback
prediciting future events to avoid problems
forecasting
true/false
DSS became more widely used in the 1980s as a result of dramatic improvements in technology.
true
an organized collection of people procedures, software, software, databases, and devices used to support problem- specific decision making.
decision support system (DSS)
a field in which the computer system takes on the characteristics of human intelligence
artificial intelligence
an organized collection of people procedures, software,databases, and devices used to perform and record business transactions form in 1950s
transaction processing systems
A system to create, store, share, and use the organization's knowledge and experience is called a(n)
information system
include the strategies, policies, methods, and rules for using the CBIS
Procedures
Predicting future events to avoid problems is called
forecasting
refers to hardware, software, databases, and telecommunications.
Information technology
coverting or transforming data into useful outputs
processing
CBIS stands for
computer based information systems
involves any business transactions executed electronically between companies.
e-commerce
A system to create, store, share, and use the organization's knowledge and experience is called a(n)
knowledge management system
An approach to work called ____________________ that enables people to work from home or while traveling
telecommunicating
Computerized _________________________ are being placed in vehicles to record vehicle speed, possible engine problems, driver performance, and more.
event data recorders
In information systems, the activity of gathering and capturing raw data is called
input
true/false
The IS support organization is a multi-faceted group providing user assistance in hardware and software acquisition and use, data administration, user training and assistance, and software development.
false
true/false
Reengineering and continuous improvement mean the same thing.
false
true/false
Opportunities in information systems are available to people from foreign countries, including Russia and India.
True
true/false
An organization can have a high level of infusion in one part of its operations and a low level of diffusion overall.
true
true/false
Organizational culture consists of the major understandings and assumptions for a business or other organization.
true
true/false
An organization is a system, which means that it has inputs, processing, outputs, and feedback.
true
true/false
Information systems can help bring new products and services in less time thus reducing time to market.
true
true/false
Customer relationship management software often uses a variety of information sources.
true
true/false
Depending on the customer, value might mean lower prices, better service, higher quality, or uniqueness of the product.
true
The design department of an architectural firm that uses computers in all aspects of its design work would be said to have a high level of ____________________.
align
____________________ = (output / input) x 100%
infusion
Resources such as materials, people, and money serve as ____________________ to the organization from the environment.
productivity
A(n) ____________________ is a formal collection of people and other resources established to accomplish a set of goals.
inputs
Porter's ____________________ model is a widely accepted model that identifies the key factors that can lead to attainment of competitive advantage
organizations
How appropriate and useful the information system is to the tasks or activities being performed is called the ____________________ fit and can lead to greater performance and profitability.
five-forces
The IS organization has three primary responsibilities including operations, systems development, and ____________________.
task-technology
When the bargaining power of suppliers is strong, companies need to increase their competitive ____________________ to retain their customers.
support
The ____________________ component of the IS organization typically operates the information center.
advantage
According to Porter's five-forces model, the more these forces combine in any instance, the less likely firms will seek competitive advantage and the less dramatis the results of such an advantage will be.
false
true/false
People involved in selecting their organization's computer hardware need to clearly understand current and future business requirements so they can make informed acquisition decisions.
true
true/false
MICR is a technology from the 1950s still used to speed the processing of checks.
true
true/false
A gigabyte is about one trillion bytes of data.
false
true/false
A blade server houses many computer motherboards that include one or more processors, computer memory, secondary storage, network connections, and a common power supply and air-cooling source within a single chassis.
true
true/false
Business needs and their importance are roughly the same for all companies so the IS solutions they choose are quite similar.
false
true/false
Support for green computing is emerging as a new business strategy for computer manufacturers to distinguish themselves from the competition.
true
true/false
RAID is a method of storing data so that it can be accessed more quickly.
false
true/false
computers need to store larger amounts of data and instructions more permanently than main memory allows - secondary storage serves this purpose.
true
true/false
The overall trend in secondary storage devices is toward use of direct access methods, higher capacity, and increased volatility.
false
true/false
Dual core and quad core processors are now common and help boost the computer's processing power.
true
With ____________________ access, it is possible to go directly to and access the needed data.
direct
____________________ computers are portable, lightweight computers with no keyboard that allow you to carry them like a clipboard.
tablet
The ____________________ unit performs mathematical calculations and makes logical comparisons.
arithmetic/logic
Key to the success of grid computing is a(n) ____________________ that acts as a grid leader and traffic monitor.
central server
____________________ involves the simultaneous execution of two or more computer instructions.
multiprocessing
A(n) ____________________ is a dot of color on a photo image or a point of light on a display screen
pixel
The _________________________ is a special-purpose, high-speed network that provides high-speed connectivity among data storage devices and computers over a network.
storage area network (SAN)
The Tablet PC from Microsoft and its hardware partners can transform ____________________ into typed text and store the "digital ink."
handwriting
A Universal Serial Bus ____________________ drive is one example of a commonly used solid state secondary storage device
flash
____________________ and output devices are part of a computer's user interface that allow you to interact with a computer system.
input