History final End
Terms in this set (24)
among leader of great allied powers (churchill, roosevelt, stalin)
-agree Germany divide into 4 gepgraphic zone and occupied by one of the allied in Soviet zone.
-war crime trials and pay reparations
-Eastern Nation free election=Soviet Cold war
Truman Doctrine (1947)
US support any non communist nation with aid,
First used in in Greece and Turkey
(lead by Truman Doctrine) help European nations get back on their feet and less likely to be overthrown
-provide $ need with controlling them
-$10 billion, 3 yrs
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
some nations involved in marshal plan/Berlin Airlift formed an alliance to protect each other
-First peace alliance with US and European Nations
-US become role of a World leader, unlike WW1
Truman ordered the beginning of the Berlin Airlift to supply city with food, fule, etc. for 15 months
-resulted in the formation of NATO
-190,000 flights by US
-no surrender so soviet gave up blockades
Communism in China
Mao kick out Chiang Kai to Formosa, US only acknowledge government in Formosa (Chiang)
Until 1970 US (Nixon) recognized China government in China = wester allies affect
US vs Soviet
Soviet first atomic bomb exploded so US try to work on Hydrogen Bomb to beat Soviet
Korean War (1950-53)
(South vs North)
1.General D. MacArthur leads invasion by water, push North back to their border
2.China help North and push South back
3.So agreed to settle and retune prisoners
(nobody really won bc not win with North Korea to Stay out)
36,000 dead US
92,000 wounded US
S-1 million dead; N-1.5 Million
Douglas MacArthur General
who graduated from West Point and was popular in the U.S. for leading the americans to victory in the Pacific against the Japanese. He was the main general of the Americans in the fight against the North Koreans. He wanted to push the war into the mainland of China and "destroy the communists there. He was fired for not supporting President Truman's stand on limiting the war in Korea.
2nd Red Scare
McCarthyism term used to describe Sen. Joseph McCarthy's anti-Communist smear tactics
-Bridge of Spies=Alger Hiss, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
accusing army US army of communism
Normandy/ D-day (1944)
Landing on France beaches, June 6, 1944. "Operation Overload" An attempt to liberate France and create a 2nd front in WWII. Eisenhower was the commander. Germany was in the concrete alcove and thought we'd attack at Calais. US, Britain, France, Russia, and Canada came from three directions unleashing the "whole nine yards."
Bay of Pigs (1961)
CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro by landing 1200 disgruntled Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs. Fails miserably and is a huge embarrassment for Kennedy, who then vows to bring down Castro. Forces Cuba ever further into the arms of the USSR.
(trained cubans who turned against Cuba and were trained to fight against him)
Internation Crisis (1962)
Soviets misels in Cuba aimed at US, could wipe out whole country.
secretary of Defense, suggested demanding removal of the missles and declaring a naval "quarantine" against the arrival of further offensive weapons during the Cuban Missle Crisis
-behind scene: US & Soviet agreed removal of misses,
US removed missiles from Turkey and S soviets from Cuba.
-Soviet removal by US = Great Victory
If one nations falls,
The name given to a campaign in January 1968 by the Viet Cong to attack twenty-seven South Vietnamese cities, including Saigon. It ended in a military defeat for the Viet Cong, but at the same time, proved that Johnson's "gradual escalation" strategy was not working, shocking an American public that believed the Vietnam conflict was a sure victory.
Major Blow off
announced US was losing which affected people pop of the war and LBJ saying they lost the war.
My lai Massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
Nixon had government agents spy on Democrats so he could stay in office. The Supreme Court forced Nixon to give up videotapes that contained conversations about his plan(Recorded in the oval office); Congress was about to impeach Nixon, but he resigned and some of the people that did the spying went to prison. 25 members sent to prison. created mistrust to for US people
Bernstein and Woodward reporters on scandal on politics
NAACP attorney, set of Plessy vs Ferguson
equal protection of the laws
14th amendment not provided former, so violated law. Boycotts and MLK = outlaw separate setting on bus.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
MLK protest non-violence,