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Chapter 3 - Middle Passage
Middle passage The board of Trade and Plantations
Terms in this set (21)
Middle Passage - who
English colonists slave trade
Middle Passage - what
Traffic in slaves from africa to america. The atlantic economic system is the triangular trade. Middle passage was the middle leg of the triangle.
Middle Passage - when
The middle years of the sevententh century
Middle Passage - Where
Between africa and all colonies and parts of Europe. Followed the triangle of commerce.
Middle Passage - significance
Ties together the trade between europe, america, africa and south america. Slaves were involved because producing may of the products required slave labor, but then it also produced the need for feeding and clothing slaves. A lot of trade happened between all of these.
trade between Europe, Africa and Americas
Effects of the Atlantic slave trade Africa
Africa- Families torn apart
Villages lost members
Warfare between tribes
Americas - Increased food production
Profits for Europeans
Cultural diffusion of African art, music, food, language
The atlanic slaves
As new world colonies grew so did the need for cheap labor in mines and plantations (farms)
Africans were immune to many diseases and were skilled farmers
Portugal, Spain and England brought millions of spaces to the Americas
An economic policy by which nations try to gather as much gold and silver as possible by controlling trade and establishing colonies
spanish people want to move to the Americas.
New food Potatoes, Corn, Coffee
Europe diseases brought smallpox, cholera, and influenza and measles to the New World and took home syphilis.
Spread of Culture
The encomienda system
forced Native Americans to perform agricultural and mining work in Latin American colonies.
Age of Exploration
Spain instituted a mercantilist foreign policy in which a favorable balance of trade with its colonies was achieved by sending raw materials and cash crops to the mother country, and exporting finished products to sell back in the colonies.
Before Age of Exploration could occur
advances in learning and technology made long ocean voyages possible
system developed as a result of the Commercial Revolution
Which was a result of the Commercial Revolution
expansion of European influence overseas
Which was an immediate result of the European Age of Exploration?
European influence spread to the Western hemisphere
A major result of the Age of Exploration was
the end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of European global domination
Commercial Revolution in Western Europe led directly to the
expansion of world trade
Which was a characteristic of the policy of mercantilism followed by Spanish colonial rulers in Latin America?
the colonies were required to provide raw materials to Spain and to purchase Spanish manufactured goods
policy of mercantilism affected the development of Latin American nations by promoting
the production of raw material and cash crops
main purpose of the encomienda system was to
provide a steady labor supply for early colonists