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Chapter 20 sections 1-5 quizzes
Terms in this set (50)
What worked to contain the spread of communism in Southeast Asia?
SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)
Under what did President Johnson gain extraordinary war powers under?
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Which Vietminh land seige trapped a large French garrison?
Dien Bien Phu
What were National Liberation Front guerrilla fighters called who launched an insurgency against the Diem government of South Vietnam?
Who demanded independence from France and embraced communism?
Ho Chi Minh
What was the idea that if Vietnam fell to communism, its closest neighbors would follow?
The domino theory
Why did President Truman agree to help France?
He feared the spread of communism
The Geneva accords provided for
the division of Vietnam into two countries
What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?
Ngo Dinh Diem refused to participate
President Johnson escalated American involvement in Vietnam by
What is a jellied gasoline that American pilots dropped on Vietnam?
Who disagreed with President Johnson's war policy?
Who supported President Johnson's war policy?
Who was the commander in South Vietnam?
To convince North Vietnam to stop reinforcing the Vietcong, President Johnson ordered Operation Rolling Thunder, which
Began a sustained bombing campaign
American soldiers used Agent Orange to
disrupt the enemy's food supply
Ho Chi Minh compared its military to a(n)
Which of the following best describes the Vietcong's war strategy?
Fight small skirmishes
By the end of 1965, most American soldiers in Vietnam
had been drafted
Why did President Johnson have to cut back his Great Society initiatives?
The cost of the war was rising
A group formed to campaign against poverty and racism that spoke out against war
SDS (Students for a Democratic Society)
An antiwar senator from Minnesota who ran for president
The difference between what the administration said and what journalists reported
A communist assault on provincial capitals, major cities, and a U.S. embassy
A soldier who did not volunteer to serve
A Democratic senator from New York who ran for presidency
During the Vietnam War, African American soldiers were
more likely than others to serve in combat positions
To eliminate deferment abuses, the Selective Service System
recruited more heavily among working class and poor people
In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?
He would not run for another term as president
Who won the 1968 Presidential election?
In 1971, what was leaked to the New York Times?
The Pentagon Papers
President Nixon hoped to withdraw U.S. forces through what?
What called for a cease-fire and U.S. troop withdrawal?
The Paris Peace Accords
In 1973, what did Congress pass to stop the growth of the "imperial presidency"?
The War Powers Act
Four people were killed during protests at
Kent State University
Where was the massacre that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Vietnamese?
President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia to
reduce the flow of communist supplies
In 1970, President Nixon tried to break the stalemate in the peace process by
ordering a ground attack on Vietcong bases in Cambodia
What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?
The U.S. military tried to cover up the massacre of Vietnamese civilians
Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted in
communist control of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
Nixon's leading national security adviser was
What was a policy aimed at easing Cold War tensions?
What froze the deployment of certain missiles?
The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I)
Who worked to have President Nixon visit China?
Premier Zhou Enlai
What is the idea that concrete national interests should define political goals?
President Nixon considered his approach to foreign policy to be
President Nixon believed that normalizing relations with China would
drive a wedge between China and the Soviet Union
China demonstrated its willingness to open talks with the United States by
hosting a table tennis match
How did the Soviet Union respond to the normalization of relations between China and the United States?
Brezhnev invited Nixon to visit Moscow
reduced tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union
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