60 terms

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level F Unit 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
approbation
the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
assuage
to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
coalition
a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
decadence
decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
elicit
to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)
expostulate
to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
hackneyed
used so often as to lack freshness or originality
hiatus
a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
innuendo
a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
intercede
to please of behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
jaded
wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
lurid
causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
meritorious
worthy, deserving recognition and praise
petulant
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
prerogative
a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
provincial
pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
simulate
to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
transcend
to rise above or beyond, exceed
umbrage
shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence of power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
unctuous
excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
ameliorate
to improve, make better, correct a flow or shortcoming
aplomb
poise, assurance, great self confidence; perpendicularity
bombastic
pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
callow
without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
drivel
saliva or mucous flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
epitome
a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
exhort
to urge strongly, advise earnestly
ex officio
by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe
to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate
to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
interloper
one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; origination in bodily organ or part
inveigh
to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude
weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
millennium
a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
occult
mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means, to hide, conceal; eclipse; matters involving the supernatural
permeate
to spread through, penetrate, soak through
precipitate
to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to; characterized by excessive haste; moisture; the product of an action or process
stringent
strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
surmise
to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; likely idea that lacks definite proof
abominate
to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
adventitious
resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; acquired not congenital
ascribe
to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
circuitous
roundabout, not direct
commiserate
to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
enjoin
to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
expedite
to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate
to make amends, make up for; to avert
ferment
a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
inadvertent
resulting from or marked by lack of attention
nominal
existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal
not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
peculate
to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
proclivity
a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
sangfroid
a composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
seditious
resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing and established government
tenuous
thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis
vitriolic
bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
wheedle
to use coaxing or flattery to fain some desired end