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45 terms

glencoe world geography chapter 1-4

5 Themes of Geography
place, region, human environment-interaction, location, movement
4 cradles of civilizations
Mesopotamia, Egypt, India and China
3 elements of earth
Water, Land and Air
The layers inside the earth
Crust, Mantle, Outer core, Inter core
bends in layers of rock occuring when the moving plates squeeze the earth's surface until it buckles
breaks in the earth's crust occuring when the folded land cannnot be bent any further
general purpose maps
maps showing a wide range in general information about an area
special purpose maps
maps that emphasize a single idea about an area
the process that breaks down rocks (the two different types of weathering: chemical weathering and physical weathering
the wearing away of the earth's surface
Pacific Ring of Fire
Where is a very active fault line in the world
Prevailing Winds
Global winds that blow in fairly constant patterns
Windless bands/areas
Cold and warm streams of water that move through the oceans
El Nino
A periodic change in the pattern of ocean currents and water temperature in the mid-pacific region
Weather patterns in an area over a long period of time
natural resources
elements from the earth that are not made by people but can be used by them
renewable resources
resources that can replace themselves naturally or renewable by man
an imaginary line that runs through the center of a thing
when the sun is directly over the equator making days and nights equal in time
the day in the year when the sun's rays directly hit the Tropic of Cancer
The side of the mountain range facing the wind
Side of the mountain opposite to the windward side
Rain Shadow
An effect where there is little precipitation
area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and between the Tropic of Capricorn and Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere
low latitudes
the tropics; area between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer
high latitudes
areas of the world north of the Arctic Circle and South of the Antarctic Circle
population distribution
pattern of human settlement
population density
average number of people living on a square mile or square kilometer of land
standard of living
relates to the overall quality of life amoung citizens of a country.
Falling of moisture to the earth in the form of rain, sleet, hail or snow.
resources or goods brought into one country to another
resources or goods sent from one country to another
Water found undergrounds in porous rock layer
a narrow piece of land that connects two large land masses and separates two bodies of water
large bodies of ice
a group of closely scatterd islands
smaller rivers and streams that feed into larger rivers
maginary lines going parallel to the equator
imaginary lines going from pole to pole
Prime Meridian
Separates the west and eastern hemisphere
Tropic of Cancer
Northern most point on the Earth's surface to receive the sun's direct rays
Tropic of Capricorn
Southern most point of the Earth's surface to receive the sun's direct rays
Per capita income
is often used as average income, a measure of the wealth of the population of a nation, particularly in comparison to other nations
Developing Countries
Countries working towards greater manufacturing and technology use