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20 terms

Pre-AP World Geography Unit 1: The Five Themes of Geography

Not official definitions, just a way to study for Unit 1 test... *when studying or playing games, ignore stuff in parentheses. just extra information*
STUDY
PLAY
Geography
the study of the physical Earth, the people who live on it, and their interactions with Earth and each other
Absolute Location
the exact location of a place on the earth. found using latitude and longitude (grid system)
Relative Location
The position of a place in relation to another place
Place
a detailed description of both the human and physical traits that you see
Location
where one would find a place
Region
the physical or human trait or traits that make an area unique
Movement
how goods, people, and ideas travel from place to place
Interaction
how people change the earth and the earth changes people
Cultural Diffusion
the exchanging of ideas from one place to another
Assimilation
moving to a place and adopting the new culture, fitting into the new culture
Innovation
taking materials or technology that already exists and creating a new tool or process to meet one of your needs
Acculturation
when a society changes because it accepts a cultural trait or innovation from outside itself
Language Family
a group of languages that have a common origin
Romance Languages
languages derived from Latin; include Italian, Spanish, French, Romanian, and Portuguese (Roman Empire -> Roman -> Romance)
Cultural Convergence
merging of cultures
Cultural Divergence
restriction of outside cultural influences
Sustainable Development
technological and economic growth that does not deplete the human and natural resources of a given area
Formal Region
region drawn on the basis of one or more measurable, shared traits
Functional Region
region defined by a system of interactions
Perceptual (Vernacular) Region
region defined by people's feelings and attitudes about an area (more likely to change over time than other regions; frequently based on stereotypes)