11 - Sexual Orientation

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heterocentric
the assumption of a "universal" heterosexual orientation
domestic partnership
a legal contract between two members of the same sex that imparts all or most of the legal benefits of marriage but is not socially or religiously equated with heterosexual marriage
exotic becomes erotic (EBE) theory
psychologist Daryl Bem's explanation for the interaction of biology and environment in determining a person's sexual orientation
AIDS stigma
prejudice and discrimination against nonhetrosexual individuals based on the erroneous belief that gay individuals are solely to blame for the AIDS epidemic and are the primary threat for the continuing spread of the disease
protected classes
specific groups of people protected under federal and state anti discrimination laws, identified by race, religion, sex, age, or other characteristics
sodomy laws
laws prohibiting specific sexual activities between adults, even in private and with their consent
homophobia
extreme fear, discomfort, or hatred of non heterosexual individuals
gay bashing
criminal acts or violence motivated by homophobia and committed against non heterosexual individuals
hate crime
violent crimes motivated by prejudice and discrimination, targeting specific groups of individuals
hate crime laws
laws prescribing more stringent penalties for crimes motivated by bias or prejudice
psychological defense mechanism
originally suggested by Freud;
a psychological distortion of reality serving to defend against personally unacceptable thoughts or urges
reaction formation
a type of defense mechanism in which a person engages in exaggerated behaviors in the opposite direction of internal urges felt to be unacceptable or intolerable
penile plethysmograph
an electronic device that records blood flow into the penis to detect sexual arousal
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