56 terms

WWII

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Fascism
system rooted in militarism, extreme nationalism and blind loyalty to the state
Rise of Hitler
-He took control of the anger that Germans had after WWI, and then he attacked the people that signed the treaty and Germany's own leaders that agreed.
-Took power in January 1933 .
-Takes the name Fuhrer- leader.
Goals of Nazism
-Create a completely militarized country.
-Get back at England and destroy communism in Russia
-Unite all German-speaking people under a great German empire
-enforce racial "purification"
-national expansion
Causes of WW2
-Hitler violating Treaty of Versailles
-Great Depression
-Munich appeasement policy
-annexation of Austria
-rise of dictatorship
-non-aggression pact
Dictatorship
Form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
Totalitarianism
A single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives
Appeasement
Practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact
-Pact made that the Soviet Union and Germany would not fight, also that they would split Poland.
-The pact was later destroyed when Hitler attacked the Soviet Union
Axis Powers & Leaders
Hitler-Germany
Mussolini-Italy
Hirohito/Hideki Tojo-Japan
Allied Powers & Leaders
Winston Churchill-Great Britain
FDR-United States of America
Charles De Gaulle-France
Joseph Stalin - Soviet Union
Chaing Kia Shek - China
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Lend-Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Arsenal for Democracy
promising to help the British and Russians fight the Germans by giving them military supplies while staying out of the actual fighting
Battle of Britain
Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion
Fall of France/Vichy France
British and French were overpowered
Germany overpowered them
France surrendered after 6 weeks
Pearl Harbor Japanese Rationale
Gamble to beat Americans in long term war
believed Americans were weak and had no stomach for war
sneak attack would force Americans to beg for peace immediately
Pearl Harbor American Reaction
united Americans in their determination to fight
WW2 at Home Rationing
limitations on amounts of certain goods people could buy to make sure there were goods to send to the soliders overseas
victory gardens helped people grown their own food
WW2 at Home Draft
training soliders to fight
manufacturing goods needed for war
WW2 at Home Production
minorities and women went to work in factories to help keep them running
Japanese Internment Camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Importance of Propaganda
To encourage nationalism and discourage opponents
Dwight Eisenhower
-leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2
-leader of troops in Africa
-commander in DDay invasion-
-elected president-
-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
Allied Strategy in Europe
-America would go through Italy while England attacked from the right and Russia attacked from the left.
-The allied forces were trying to outnumber and surround Germany.
Allied Strategy in Pacific
-To island hop across the Pacific
-eventually surround Japan's main island so they could attack them.
Battle of Stalingrad
-Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943,
-farthest German advance into the Soviet Union
Operation Overlord
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in December 1944 between Germany and Allied troops
-that was the last German offensive in the West.
Fall of Berlin/Hitler
unwilling to accept defeat, he committed suicide
Germany surrendered a week later
Harry S Truman
became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Holocaust
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, etc.
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II.
Island Hopping
During World War II, Allied strategy of capturing Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean
Battle of Midway
A 1942 battle in the Pacific during witch Americans planes sank four Japanese aircraft carriers
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint
Kamikaze
World War II Japanese pilot trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Hiroshima
On August 6, 1945 an atomic bomb that got dropped on Hiroshima, Japan and killing at least 70,000 people.
Nagasaki
On August 9, 1945, a second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki killing about 40,000 people
VJ Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
VE Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Legacy of WW2
UN
The Cold War
the Baby Boom
Beginning of Nuclear Age
Germany & Japan are devastated
US & USSR emerge as superpowers
United Nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
The Cold War
After World War II, long period of intense rivalry between the Soviet Union and the Untied States
Baby Boom
Large increase in the birthrate from the late 1940's through the early 1960's
Nuclear Age Begins
Total war now targets the civilization population with nuclear weapons
Germany Devastated/Restored
Germany divided into 2 countries
West Germany flourished
East Germany did not
Built the Berlin Wall to separate the two countries
Japan Devastated/Restored
Japan was devastated by nuclear bombs
grew stronger because united in their anti-American feelings
US & USSR as Superpowers
Both want to restructure a post-war world, but they have conflicting goals and large egos
Yalta Conference
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
Cold War America
Anti-communist feeling in America
Don't want communism to spread
Cold War Soviet
Anti- American feeling in Soviet Union
Distrust of capitalist society
Berlin Problem
Americans, British, French and Soviet troops all occupied a zone
Stalin blockaded West Berlin from East Berlin
Marshall Problem
wanted to help European countries rebuild
Joseph Stalin
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Potsdam Declaration
Truman warned Japan that if they did not surrender an atomic bomb would be dropped . Japan rejected the declaration and a bomb was dropped in Hiroshima, Stalin declared war on Japan, and then another bomb was dropped in Nagasaki