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28 terms

Family & Consumer Science unit 4

STUDY
PLAY
accessories
additional items that are not necessary, such as shoes, belts, scarves, hats, socks, ties, and jewelry that are part of your wardrobe
alterations
modifications made to a pattern or garment for a better fit
casing
closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or drawstring
clip
make a tiny snip in the seam allowance
directional stitching
stitching with, or in the same direction, as the fabric grain
fabric
a material made from fibers, such as cotton, silk, or nylon
fiber
a basic unit from which fabric is made
grade
to trim each layer of fabric to a different width to reduce bulk
grain of fabric
direction in which the treaads run in a fabric
illusion
an image that fools the eye
interfacing
piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and facing
iron
to remove wrinkles or smooth fabrics with a heated iron
layout
a diagram included in sewing instructions that shows how to place the pattern pieces on fabric
natural fiber
fibers that come from plants or hair of animals
notions
Small items that become permanent part of the garment such as thread and seem tape
pattern envelope
package that a pattern is sold in; it contains information such as price, views, yardage, sizes, notiuons and suggested fabrics
pattern guide sheet
step-bystep information for cutting, marking, and sewing fabric peices together
pattern markings
lines and symbols marked on the pattern and transferred to the fabric to help guide construction
press
raising and lowering the iron from one area to the next
selvage
factory finished edge of a fabric
silhouette
an outline of a solid object
staystitching
row of machine stitches through one layer of fabric in order to prevent stretching
synthetic fiber
fibers manufactured from substances such as wood pulp, petroleum or natural gas
topstitching
a row of stitching done on the outside of a garment
understitching
a row of stitching used to keep the facing or bottom layer of fabric rolled out of sight
view
a variation on a sewing pattern design
yardage
the amount of fabric needed for a specific pattern view, size, fabric width, and for fabric with or without a nap
yarn
fibers twisted together or laid side by side