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additional items that are not necessary, such as shoes, belts, scarves, hats, socks, ties, and jewelry that are part of your wardrobe


modifications made to a pattern or garment for a better fit


closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or drawstring


make a tiny snip in the seam allowance

directional stitching

stitching with, or in the same direction, as the fabric grain


a material made from fibers, such as cotton, silk, or nylon


a basic unit from which fabric is made


to trim each layer of fabric to a different width to reduce bulk

grain of fabric

direction in which the treaads run in a fabric


an image that fools the eye


piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and facing


to remove wrinkles or smooth fabrics with a heated iron


a diagram included in sewing instructions that shows how to place the pattern pieces on fabric

natural fiber

fibers that come from plants or hair of animals


Small items that become permanent part of the garment such as thread and seem tape

pattern envelope

package that a pattern is sold in; it contains information such as price, views, yardage, sizes, notiuons and suggested fabrics

pattern guide sheet

step-bystep information for cutting, marking, and sewing fabric peices together

pattern markings

lines and symbols marked on the pattern and transferred to the fabric to help guide construction


raising and lowering the iron from one area to the next


factory finished edge of a fabric


an outline of a solid object


row of machine stitches through one layer of fabric in order to prevent stretching

synthetic fiber

fibers manufactured from substances such as wood pulp, petroleum or natural gas


a row of stitching done on the outside of a garment


a row of stitching used to keep the facing or bottom layer of fabric rolled out of sight


a variation on a sewing pattern design


the amount of fabric needed for a specific pattern view, size, fabric width, and for fabric with or without a nap


fibers twisted together or laid side by side

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