Photography: Unit TEN
Terms in this set (30)
A technique where you move the camera in the same direction as the movement of the person or object you are photographing.
Created to produce a historical record of an event, place, or person.
To capture a great image, you not only have to capture the movement, but you also have to anticipate the moment that it will happen. The farther away you are from the action, the harder it will be to get the great image that you are looking for.
Sports - Timing
One of the keys to photographing sports is to catch that decisive moment. Sports photography is all about timing. One of the best ways to begin catching these moments is to get to know the sport that you want to photograph. Knowing the sport well can help you predict what might happen and the timing of the moment. Having knowledge of the game helps you identify where to point your camera and also helps you to know when to press the shutter button.
Sports - Location
Location is also important in photographing sports. Obviously, you can't take a picture of what you can't see.
Sports - Playing Areas
In most cases, photographers are not allowed on the playing areas of professional sports. In these circumstances, those who have press passes are allowed only in particular areas. For amateur sports, try to get as close as you can to the action without disrupting the action.
Sports - Depth of Field
With sports photography, you typically want to have a large depth of field. This will help keep the various aspects of the photograph in focus, in a way similar to landscape photographs. A large depth of field will also allow for a fast shutter speed, which will help you capture the action in the shot without blurring the motion.
Panning - Why would you use it?
One of the biggest reasons to use this technique is that it adds a sense of motion to the photograph and can create some interesting elements. Any fast moving object, such as a car, motorcycle, runner, or skateboarder, is a good subject for a photograph that uses panning. The technique emphasizes the movement and speed of the object or person in a way that an ordinary photograph cannot. Panning is perhaps best used when you have an object moving in a more or less straight line.
Panning - Shutter Speed
With panning, the object that is moving remains in focus while the parts that are not moving are blurred.
Panning - Shutter Speed Info
The first thing you'll want to do is to adjust the shutter speed to a bit slower than you would to capture the movement with a stationary camera. 1/30 shutter speed may be a good starting point, and you can adjust the speed if needed. You'll want to avoid too slow of a shutter speed, however, as that will often introduce camera shake in addition to the blurring that you want.
Panning - When you are first using panning (shutter speed)
When you first practice panning, you may want to opt for a little faster shutter speed and then lower it, depending on the light and other conditions, once you start getting more consistent results.
Panning - Tips
Think about your location. Try to find a location where you are parallel to the moving object. Consider how you will focus. Take note of the background of the photograph. Consider any lag time.
Panning - Taking the picture
You will want to begin to pan the subject as you gently press the shutter release button. Try to do this as carefully as possible since you want to reduce any possible camera shake on the image. Continue to pan with the moving object for a second or two even after you hear the shutter close on the camera. This will create a more seamless image and will reduce any abrupt movements that stopping could cause. Make sure to keep the moving subject within the viewfinder throughout the photograph. In most cases, the more that you can keep it in the same frame of the viewfinder, the more clearly focused the subject will be.
Panning - Practice
If you want to practice panning, it is as easy as finding a street with cars passing by on regular intervals. If you have the choice, it is also better to start with slower objects until you get the hang of it. Cars on a residential street in the city will be easier to photograph with the panning technique than cars moving around a race track.
Panning - Important to Note
It is important to note that the subject may not be perfectly in focus when using panning. The key is to get the subject in good focus compared to the blurred background. In some photographs you may even want the subject to be a little out of focus, as it can add to the sense of movement and speed in the photograph.
Animals - Pets
When photographing pets, the key is often to capture the pet's personality. If it is your own pet, think about some of the interesting characteristics that the pet has.
Animals - Rules of composition, The principles of action
Look for action. Think about what your pet does on a regular basis. This can help you identify those moments that will capture a pet's personality. Sidelighting can help you bring out the texture of animal fur or hair.
Wildlife -How to find them
Finding them to photograph can take patience, perseverance, and research. Start by finding out as much as possible about the wildlife in the area where you'll be photographing. If you have a particular animal or bird that you want to photograph, you'll also want to know as much about the species as possible, including the habitats that it likes, what it eats, how it typically behaves, and so on.
Wildlife - Camouflage
Many wildlife photographers camouflage themselves. This might include using a blind to sit in, wearing clothing that blends in, and even changing what they smell like.
Wildlife - Noises
However, you should keep in mind that scents, movement, or noise can scare wildlife away. Make sure to turn off any sounds on your camera, move slowly and quietly, and avoid using your flash. Then it becomes a matter of patience as you wait for the animals to show up.
Wildlife - Waiting
Be prepared to spend time without seeing the animal that you hoped for. If the animal is rare or elusive, you may spend quite a bit of time (days or even months) waiting for it to appear. You'll also want to have your camera as ready as possible so that you don't miss the shot when the animal does appear.
Wildlife - Zoos or wildlife sanctuaries
In these cases, you might choose a shallower depth of field to blur the parts of the picture that are not natural to the animals' habitat. If that's not possible, focus on a close shot of the animal's head, filling the frame with the animal to eliminate the artificial elements altogether.
Wildlife - Tips
Practice photographing action before you try to catch the shot you want, particularly if you only have a few chances. Try faster shutter speeds and continuous shooting settings to help you capture the wildlife's movement. Get low. Avoid the perspective of shooting the picture from eye height looking down at the animal. Get as close as you can, but stay safe. For possibly dangerous animals, you'll want to give them their room and use longer telephoto lenses. Look for interesting, funny, or exciting moments to photograph. Use common sense, stay safe, and have patience.
Documentary Photography - More "What is it?" Info
Instead, these photographs seek to document what is "real" or "true" in a place or within an event and may be used to help create social or political change. You have probably seen some examples of documentary photographs in the newspaper, in books, or on websites. Many famous examples are also featured in museums, galleries, and other special exhibits.
Documentary Photography - Popular
Documentary photographs became popular during the 1930s. If you remember, it was about this time that cameras began to become more available and popular.
Documentary Photography - What is it
Part of the idea behind documentary photography is that photographs "never lie." Thus, documentary photography tries to tell a story about an event that is as realistic and honest as possible.
Documentary Photography - Black and White
Many documentary photographs that we see are in black and white. In part, this was because the first documentary types of photographs were taken in black and white so there is a tradition present. It can also help to highlight the raw emotion of the scene. However, there are no hard and fast rules about this.
Documentary Photography - Color
You will also find some documentary photographs in color, as well. Since you'll probably be shooting in color and editing later, you can always see which image of the scene you prefer: color or black and white.
Documentary Photography - Most Important
With a single photograph, you want the viewer to have a sense of what is going on, even though it will often be impossible to fully express all aspects of an event or place. It is often a good idea to begin with wide angle shots to capture the event, although you can also include more narrowed, focused shots as well. Each has its place in documentary photography. Tell a story of the event
Documentary Photography - Tips
Be sensitive to the people involved. "Shoot with your heart." Documentary photography is about telling a story and evoking emotion. Be prepared. Think about the composition of the photograph. Be honest in your photographs. Learn to use what you have available.