THDA 435 Final
Terms in this set (66)
-choreographed movements of an actor on stage
-ex: actor told to "cross" to stage right (move to stage right)
areas offstage used for performers preparing to enter, storage of sets for scene changes, ect.
area above stage that houses fly system that brings up/down lights, scenery, actors, ect.
-surrounded by proscenium arch
-seats all in 1 direction towards stage
-classical, formal theatre
-drawback: more expensive to build
-not very intimate
theatre in the round
-aka arena theatre
-audience surrounds stage w/ aisles leading to seats (4 sides)
-drawback: hardest theatre to act/direct in b/c everything must be representational (not solid)
-must be aware of surroundings
-blocking VERY important
-offers closer intimacy w/ stage
thrust (3/4) theatre
-Greek theatre; up on hill looking down
-oldest and least used
-seating on 3 sides
type of criticism that offers suggestions for the betterment of a production
-must have basic training in both theatre artistry and literature
collaborative art combining the arts of acting, writing, designing, and directing
audition where the actor reads from an unfamiliar script
time period of play
refers to period in which play is set
responsible for financial aspects of production and generally leaves artistic work to others
roles which we take part on in real life in which we are virtually living up to an image or impression of what society sees us to be
paying for musical play
-pay person who wrote music, wrote lyrics, and wrote story
-can also vary b/c how many people you can seat and how many tickets you sell
sum of money paid to a author/composer for each public performance of work
a playwright must take into consideration...
play will be limited by confines of stage
when a child first starts to learn communication, they learn through_________
theatre w/o script
-when actor can feel when jokes and humor flow and execute them properly
about larger than life characters and human suffering
focus around normal everyday characters w/ tragic events that they experience
focuses on play as a whole
-serves as final goal character wishes to achieve w/i script
the underlying motivation or desire of character which underlies their actions in play
imagining the inner life, thoughts, and emotions of character and bringing them to the stage
tool used to help performers achieve a sense of emotional truth on stage through emotional recollection of past memories in sync w/ those demanded by script
a play starts w/ the....
events that lead from initial conflict to climax
-peak in the action; the turning point
events that lead from climax to resolution
-what the play ends with
-solution to problem
what is a play with a "climactic structure"?
play that centers around and relates back to one internal conflict
Sarah's #1 rule of theatre
everyone has a place in the theatre where their strengths can be used
Sarah's #1 rule of lighting
the actor MUST be seen
Sarah's #1 rule of directing
the director, in the end, is in charge of all aspects of a play
Sarah's #1 rule of acting
the actor MUST be heard
what were ancient Greek theatres like?
-audiences sat on hills surrounding a raised acting space
-audience sat on 3 sides of stage; first thrust stage
-connected w/ Moscow Art Theatre
-responsible for setting down series of guidelines for actors-in-training
-suggested one could observe world around them in order to see different types of people, using them as future role models
-had no control over his/her downfall
-all in the hands of the gods
-smaller light that gives little control over the light
-clamped above in fly space and has a plug-in
-lightbulb expensive, outershell not; contains gels
-when hung up, responsible for its own patch of stage
-allows for technical staff to raise and lower brightness of lamps at any speed desired
plastic material that gives color to theatrical lights
every actor must wear...
makeup when under theatrical lights
-start w/ foundation and highlighting eyes before adding anything else
the first thing a set designer must do when given the assignment for set design is....
read the script
-can't make any other decisions if don't know what play is about
How did Thomas Edison change theatre?
-invented incandescent light bulb
-allowed theatres to run more safely b/c no longer relied on open flame
what do stage managers do once show has opened?
-keep track of actors in performance
bring all aspects of technical production to show for first time
what do costumes, lights, and sets all share?
-the quality of form
-they all present a shape or silhouette that designer selects to use in their design
what 2 ways are set designs presented?
-small made-to-scale replica or drawing
-floor plan that shows where set pieces go on the acting space
a workable interior setting for a play would be...
-setting that is reasonably able to be portrayed on stage
-ex: classroom on UNH campus
what are costumes usually made of and why?
-natural, breathable fabric (cotton) so actors are more comfortable on stage
how are nonmusical plays paid for?
-ex:$125 first night, $100/night for other 4 nights
theatre rankings (6)
take internal conflict and use background info to work inward on problem
-works towards exposition
working out from initial conflict
-everything springs from initial conflict
direct line from each individual seat to actors on stage
4 design elements
-line (flowing/rounded or angular)
-used to focus on one person
-different from fresnels b/c clear cut light and they move around
go around audience seating; flicker and dim when shows about to start
used when not worth expense to light entire stage; freestanding lamp w/ no shade and can move them
light sky blue lights so actors can get safely off stage at end of scene when lights off
-high intensity artifice lights
-used to light up sports fields and stadiums
-rarely used in theatre b/c too much light
the only time a fresnel light is used w/o gel is to...
4 ways to get a costume
1. from actor's own closet
2. from theatre's costume collection
3. from rental company (expensive)
4. build from scratch
stage directions give us...
1. interpretations of lines
2. help w/ blocking
technical theatre divided into (2)...
-those who design
-those who construct
flat pieces of theatrical scenery which are painted and positioned on stage so as to give appearance of a background
Sarah's #1 rule of costumes
costume must fit