Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
History 120 Final Exam
Terms in this set (58)
Charles Grandison Finney & Second Great Awakening
The greatest revival preacher who led massive revivals in Rochester, NY.was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. People did not have the time or the inclination for worship. Exuberant revivalist meetings ignited the interest in religion. The camp-meetings featured zealous preachers who applied Christian teaching to the resolution of the social problems of the day. Began in 1800 and was in decline by 1850.
1786 -1787 Massachusetts farmers were going to be kicked out of land so they decide to shut down the court of Massachusetts and the national government couldn't do anything about so they decided to change constitution
Property owners, creditors, merchants
Elites are best fit to govern
Wanted more representatives and greater representation
Dismal Swamp Canal
It is the oldest continually operating man-made canal in North Carolina, United States, opened in 1805.
A protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy
Treaty of Greenville
Gave America all of Ohio after General Mad Anthony Wayne battled and defeated the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. 1795 Allowed Americans to explore the area with peace of mind that the land belonged to America and added size and very fertile land to America.
Was made up by John Jay. It said that Britain was to pay for Americans ships that were seized in 1793. It said that Americans had to pay British merchants debts owed from before the revolution and Britain had agreed to remove their troops from the Ohio Valley
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's view of his election to presidency. Jefferson claimed that the election of 1800 represented a return to what he considered the original spirit of the Revolution. Jefferson's goals for his revolution were to restore the republican experiment, check the growth of government power, and to halt the decay of virtue that had set in under Federalist rule.
Embargo Act / Embargo of 1807
Act that forbade the export of goods from the U.S. in order to hurt the economies of the warring nations of France and Britain. The act slowed the economy of New England and the south. The act was seen as one of many precursors to war. Signed by Jefferson in 1807.
War of 1812
Britain's seizure of American ships and impressment of sailors.
America's resentment of Britain.
American belief that British were arming Native Americans and inciting them to riot.
American "War Hawks" wanting to annex Florida and Canada.
Spurred westward migration: Jobs scarce, Native Americans weakened.
Encouraged American industry (New England textile mills).
Ended the Federalist party.
Made Andrew Jackson a hero (after winning Battle of New Orleans, 1815).
Lowell Mills (lowell mill girls)
Went on strike
10'hour work days
Without a raise in rent fee
Asked for slowed production
Alleged deal between presidential candidates John Q. Adams and Henry Clay to throw the election, to be decided by the house of representatives, in Adam's favor. Though never proven, the accusation became the rallying cry for Jackson supporters, who had been majority of the popular vote.
American Anti-slavery Society
Founded in 1833 by William lloyd garrison and other abolitionists. garrison burned the constitution as a proslavery document. argued for "no union with slaveholders" until they repented for their sins by freeing their slaves.
American Colonization Society
organization founded in 1817 by antislavery reformers that called for gradual emancipation and removal of freed blacks to Africa
William Loyd Garrison and The Liberator
prominent american abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "the liberator", and one of the founders of the american anti-slavery society.
Guy who leads the charge in making new electoral reality
Most popular and electoral votes congress decides who they wants as president and they do not vote for him instead they chose John Quincy Adams
Ran Election of 1824 "corrupt bargain"
Lost because elections were so close it went to congress for them to decide
Said government is not responsive to the will of citizens so he decided to make his own political party → the democrat
o 1828 and 1832 wins election
Indian Removal Act (Trail of Tears)
Signed into law by President Andrew Jackson, strongly supported by the South whom was eager to gain access to the lands inhabited by the "Five Civilized Tribes." Though the act was intended to be voluntary removal, significant pressure was put onto the tribes' chiefs to vacate and led to the inevitable removal of most Indians from the states.
A series of 5 bills that were passed in the U.S. during a four year confrontation between slave states of the south and free states of the north requarding the status of territories aquired from the Mexican American war.
Second National Bank
National bank organized in 1816; closely modeled after the first Bank of the United States, it held federal tax receipts and regulated the amount of money circulating in the economy. The Bank proved to be very unpopular among western land speculators and farmers, especially after the Panic of 1819
Slave in virginia who started a slave rebellion in 1831 believing he was receiving signs from god his rebellion was the largest sign of black resistance to slavery in america and led the state legislature of virginia to a policy that said no one could question slavery.
Was an outspoken African American activist who demanded the immediate end of slavery in the new nation. A leader within the Black enclave in Boston, Massachusetts, he published in 1829 his Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World: a call to "awaken my brethren" to the power within Black unity and struggle.
American Bible Society
Founded in 1816 because they wanted a bible to be in every home on the frontier by 1830 so that the colonies would be built on christian principles
Internal Slave Trade
The slave trade conducted from within the US, but did not include importation or exportation of slaves from or to foreign countries 1820
Seneca Falls Convention
The meeting took place in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19th and 20th 1848. 300 Women and 40 men went to the second day to discuss the rights of women. They wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
Evangelical Editor. She inherited the business when her husband died of typhoid fever. focused her daily life on spiritual matters. she wrote about "evils of slavery". slaves are a continual source of trouble" to their owners.
Elected vice president and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died (1790-1862) He joined the Whig Party which was for strong states rights.
Annexation of Texas
Know-Nothings (American Party)
Secret Nativist party that formed in opposition to immigrations; supported slavery b/c it deflected immigrants
Mexican War (and Texan Independence)
The 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico. It later joined the United States.
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico 1846, a Northern Democrat, to keep blacks out of Mexican territory so that it could be settled by whites who wouldn't face competition from slavery
Compromise of 1850
An Act proposing the Northern and Western Boundaries of Texas
An act for the admission of the state of California into the union
An act to establish a territorial government for Utah
An act to amend the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act
An act to suppress the slave trade in the District of Columbia
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Its formation was based around opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which would allow each territory to allow slavery if they wanted to. It was founded by previous members of the Free Soil Party and the Whig Party. They wanted to stop the expansion of slavery because they believed that it was against the ideals of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Some founders wanted to abolish slavery everywhere in the United States.
Dred Scott Decision
Destroyed second party system
Was enslave his owner dies when he was in a free state
He wanted to be free but his owners don't let him so he the state let black Americans sue that they weren't legally enslaved
Went to supreme court and in 1857 the Dred Scott decision was that he did not have any rights "the black has no rights" and that of course he is still enslaved and the supreme court also says that slavery should be legal everywhere because the constitution does not restrict what slave owners can and can't do
Killed proslavery guys who participated in the sac
he attempted to incit slaves to revolt to gain their freedom
Election of 1860
Republican Abraham Lincoln
Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge,
Democrat Stephen A. Douglas,
Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.
Lower South and Secession
1860 Eleven states in the Lower and Upper South severed their ties with the Union.
Four slave states never declared a secession: Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Robert E. Lee
Southern general who won at Bull Run and lost at Antietam
Virginian leader of the Confederate army, brilliant tactician and fighter and the reason the South lasted as long as they did, eventually surrendered at Appomattox
T.J "Stonewall" Jackson
A confederate general who was known for his fearlessness in leading rapid marches bold flanking movements and furious assaults. he earned his nickname at the battle of first bull run for standing courageously against union fire. During the battle of chancellorsville his own men accidently mortally wounded him.
He was a Union general that was in charge during the beginning of the war. He defeated Lee, at Antietam, securing a much needed Union victory.
William T. Sherman
lead a force from Chattanooga, Tennessee to South Carolina destroying everything the Confederates could use to survive
July 21, 1861- First major battle of the Civil War, in which untrained Northern troops and civilian picnickers fled back to Washington. This battle helped boost Southern morale and made the North realize that this would be a long war.
Forts Henry and Donelson
two forts built to protect Tennessee and the Deep South from invasion. Unfortunately the two forts proved to be right in the way of the driving General Grant. On February 6, 1862, Grant and Flag Officer Foote captured Fort Henry.
City the union occupied
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
1863 was turning point year
Issued in Sept. 1862, didn't go into effect until Jan. 1863
This was used as a war measure and hurt the south
Actually freed no slaves, but instead encouraged them to rebel and revolt or just leave
180,000 slaves were actually used in battle
New York City Draft Riots
Most men were willing from the north
Men on large plantations with 20+ slaves didn't have to serve
Riots took place when Irish immigrants were being drafted so they rioted and hung blacks, Lincoln sent troops to put an end to this
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
siege fought from December 23-27, 1864, was a failed attempt by Union forces to capture the fort guarding Wilmington, North Carolina, the South's last major port on the Atlantic Ocean.
March to Sea
Sherman's march from Atlanta to South Carolina, he and his army applied a total warfare, scorched earth policy that led over a million dollars in damage and crushed the south
Special Field Order 15
Military orders issued by General Sherman on January 16, 1865, that confiscated land along the Atlantic Coast in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida to be settled by freed slaves and blacks. The order was revoked by Andrew Johnson later that year.
The last major battle of the Civil War (Union victory) in Bentonville, NC.
Appomattox (and Bennett Place)
1865 after four years of fighting ends the Civil War
Fort Sumter -> Gettysburg and Vicksburg -> Appottomax Court House
-Union has 360,000 casualties
-Confedracy has 260,000 casualties
NC Freedmen's Convention
In 1865 and 1866 voiced the aspirations of North Carolina blacks, both those previously classified as free and former slaves.
An anti-slavery newspaper written by William lloyd Garrison. it drew attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
Union Army in Civil War, the North's biggest and most qualified Army
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
1,219 expert-verified explanations
America Pathways to the Present
Allan M. Winkler, Andrew Cayton, Elisabeth Israels Perry, Linda Reed
1,345 expert-verified explanations
1,758 expert-verified explanations
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH chapter 18-21 vocab
AP US History Units 13-15
APUSH Vocab: Road to the Civil War and Reconstruct…
EOCT Review, 1840-1877
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
American Government Final
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Final Exam History
CPUSH SEMESTER 1 FINAL
chapter 8 mini test - ss