AP Lit and Comp, Literary Movements
Terms in this set (30)
14th—17th Century, rebirth of humanism
A twentieth-century philosophy A twentieth-century philosophy arguing that ethical human beings are in a sense cursed with absolute free will in a purposeless universe. Therefore, individuals must fashion their own sense of meaning in life instead of relying thoughtlessly on religious, political, and social conventions.
Thinkers at this time and later saw themselves as rediscovering and redistributing the legacy of classical Greco-Roman culture by renewing forgotten studies and artistic practices.
18th—19th c., imagination over reason
The Roman Imperial period. Writers include: Ovid, Horace, and Virgil.
Restoration—18th Century, order and reason
The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes migrate to Britain displacing native Celts into Scotland, Ireland, and Wales.
Objectify inner experience
Early Old English poems such as Beowulf, The Wanderer, and The Seafarer originate sometime late in the Anglo-Saxon period.
Begins real, gets weird
A literary movement
seeking to depict life as
accurately as possible, without
artificial distortions of emotion,
idealism, and literary
This literary movement is exemplified in the works of Geoffrey Chaucer, the "Pear" Poet, The Wakefield Master, and William Langland.
Greek writers, playwrights, and philosophers like Homer, Plato, and Socrates
Often considered a revolt against realism and naturalism, seeking to achieve a psychological or spiritual reality rather than record external events in logical sequence.
Humans inadequate to explain complex world
These postmodern writers mingle and juxtapose realistic events with fantastic ones. This mixture creates truly dreamlike and bizarre effects in their prose.
It is an attempt to reflect life "as it actually is"--a concept in some ways similar to what the Greeks would call mimesis.
This writing is often are set in rural, pastoral or Gothic settings and they show an obsessive concern with "innocent" characters--children, young lovers, and animals.
This literary movement is exemplified in the works of Alexander Pope, John Dryden, Voltaire, and Moliere.
Artistic or literary portrayal of life in a faithful, accurate manner, unclouded by false ideals, literary conventions, or misplaced aesthetic glorification and beautification of the world.
Rejected the earlier philosophy of the Enlightenment, which stressed that logic and reason were the best response humans had in the face of cruelty, stupidity, superstition, and barbarism.
An optimistic belief that humanity could improve itself by applying logic and reason to all things.
Human beings do not have souls or any mode of participating in a religious or spiritual world beyond the biological realm of nature, and any such attempts to engage in a religious or spiritual world are acts of self-delusion and wish-fulfillment.
It rejected untested beliefs, superstition, and the "barbarism" of the earlier medieval period, and embraced the literary, architectural, and artistic forms of the Greco-Roman world.
This literary movement is exemplified by the works of Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Jorge Luis Borges, and Alejo Carpentier.
This literary movement is exemplified in the works of Wordsworth, Keats, Shelley, Lord Byron, and William Blake
This literary movement is exemplified in the works of Homer, Socrates, Plato, Virgil and Ovid.
This period saw the rise of new poetic forms in the sonnet and a flowering of drama in the plays of Shakespeare, Jonson, and Marlowe.
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