Milestones ELA 9th Grade Terminology

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Summarizing:
A short statement that presents the main ideas and most important
points in a piece of writing.
Paraphrasing
A restatement of an author's words in your own words.
Tone
The author's attitude towards a subject
Mood
The way a text is intended to make the audience feel
Main Idea
The most important point in a work of literature
Theme
The moral or lesson of a story/text. Can be implied or directly stated.
Objective Text
Not influenced by personal feelings; based on facts
Subjective Text
Existing in the mind; belongs to the thinking subject rather than to the object of thought (opinions)
Biased
Prejudice in favor or against one thing/person/group compared with another (usually considered to be unfair)
Unbiased
Without bias or prejudice; impartial, fair
Exposition/Introduction
Introduces basic situation, characters, setting and conflict
Rising Action
Series of events that occur after the conflict that moves the story forward
Climax
"The turning point" Point of greatest tension that changes the direction of the plot. Often a critical decision is made.
Falling Action
Events/results of the actions or decision the character has made (slowly winding do to the end of the story)
Resolution
The conflict(s) is/are resolved and all loose ends are tied up
What is conflict?
The main problem or struggle that the character is facing
Internal Conflict
Person vs Self
External Conflict
Person vs. an Outside Force (i.e. person, society, nature)
Protagonist
Usually a main character; goes through a major change in the story
Antagonist
Character who is against or has conflict with the Protagonist.
Flat character
We don't know much about them. We only see one side of a flat character.
Round Character
We know a lot about these characters (details, see many sides of them)
Static Character
A character who doesn't change at all throughout the story. Their personality remains the same.
Dynamic Character
A character who undergoes an important change in the story
What is narrative voice
The words and phrases used by the narrator in a text
Pronouns used with 1st Person Point of View
I, me, mine, we, us, ours
Pronouns used with 2nd Person Point of View
you, your
Pronouns used with 3rd Person Point of View
he, she, her, they, them &character names
3rd Person Objective Point of view
Narrator does not reveal any character's thoughts or feelings - Only the character's dialogue and actions are narrated
3rd Person Omniscient
The narrator is all knowing—tells the thoughts/feelings of more than one character (think about it as this person who hangs above all the characters and knows everything about every character)
Literal Language
The actual everyday meanings of words
Figurative Language
Figures of speech, images that appeal to the reader's sense, symbols, and analogies
Metaphor
Compares 2 unlike things by stating that one thing is another thing
Simile: Compares 2 unlike things using like or as
Compares 2 unlike things using like or as
Hyperbole
A huge exaggeration
Personification
Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things
Alliteration
The repeating of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Consonance
The repeating of the same consonant 2 or more times in a short span (can be at the beginning, middle, or end of a word)
Assonance
The repeating of vowel sounds to create internal rhyme (proud round cloud)
Onomatopoeia
Words that allow the reader to hear a sound
Idioms: Phrases that mean something different from the words they say; common
expressions/sayings
Example: It's raining cats and dogs.
Phrases that mean something different from the words they say (It's raining cats and dogs)
Analogy
A term that means "word relationships"
Example: Water : Liquid :: Ice : Solid
Allusion
To refer to something implicitly/without directly stating it