Must-Know Vocabulary for ELA Milestones Exam

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Terms in this set (...)

alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds.
antagonist
the person, thing or force that is fighting against the hero
autobiography
the form of non-fiction in which a person tells his or her own story
ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story often dealing with adventure and romance
biography
a form of non-fiction. The story of a real person's life, written or told by another person.
cause and effect
A cause is an action or event that makes something else happen. An effect is the result of the cause.
characterization
The author's special way of explaining the people in the story. The author tells about the characters' personalities and motives.
climax
The highest point or turning point in the action of a story.
external conflict
A character struggles with an outside force such as a storm or a jealous enemy.
internal conflict
Takes place within the character's mind
connotation
The meaning, association, or emotion suggested by a word in ADDITION to the dictionary meaning.
denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word.
Dialect
The way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain region or area.
Drama
A story written to be acted in front of an audience. The related events that take place in a drama are often seperated by acts.
foreshadowing
Creates suspense by giving the reader clues..makes the reader wonder what comes next
genre
A division or type of literature
hyperbole
Using extreme exaggeration for effect
idioms
An expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different than the literal meaning of the words.
imagery
the senses
central idea
the most important idea expressed in a piece of writing
metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things using like or as
mood
The atmosphere or feeling created by a story
personification
Type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human thoughts and feelings
point of view
the perspective or vantage point from which a story is told
protagonist
The main character in a story (often the good guy)
setting
the time and place of a story
simile
compares two things using words like like or as
theme
An idea about life revealed in a work of literature. Often teaches a lesson.
tone
An attitude the writer takes towaed his or her subject, audience, or character.