12 - Sexual Development Throughout Life

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Terms in this set (...)

psychosexual stages
Freud's theory that the development of human personality occurs in a series of stages during childhood
gender identification
a developmental stage in children between the ages of 3 and 5 during which they begin to understand which sex they are
Electra complex
a Freudian notion explaining how a young girl comes to identify with her mother
adolescence
the period of life between the ages of approximately 10 and 19 years;
often a tumultuous self-identity seeking stage of life
puberty
a natural change in a child's body during early to middle childhood, during which secondary sexual characteristics develop, boys begin to produce sperm and girls begin menstruation
pituitary gland
a gland in the brain that, at the onset of puberty, releases hormones necessary for the physical changes of puberty
gonadotropin
a hormone released by the pituitary gland that signals the testes to release testosterone and the ovaries to release estrogen
menarche
the beginning of menstruation; a girl's first period
emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs)
hormonal contraceptives that help prevent pregnancy after an unprotected act of intercourse;
also known as the morning-after pill
comprehensive sex education
sexual education programs for adolescents that provide information about abstinence and about prevention of STIs and unwanted pregnancy
abstinence-only education
a program of sexual education for adolescents that avoids teaching about contraception and STIs and stresses instead the importance of waiting until marriage to engage in sexual activities
cohabitation
living together as if married without being legally married
menopause
the normal, gradual change in a woman's life, typically occurring between ages 45 and 55, when the ovaries produce decreasing amounts of female hormones and menstrual period cease