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Politics of the United States
Final Exam Study Prep!
Terms in this set (66)
What is representation based on for members of the House of Reps?
Population within the satte
What was the U.S.A.'s 1st constitution
Articles of Confederation
How are electoral votes based?
Off the total number of representatives (from House and Senate) sent to Washington D.C.
How many electoral votes is needed to become POTUS
Our Constitution sets up what kind of party system?
2 Party System (Democrats and Republicans)
What amendment grants women suffrage?
What amendment grants African American men suffrage?
What is a federalism?
A system of government in which powers are shared
Is the U.S. a republic?
Obtaining a driver's license -- federal or state (reserved) power?
state (reserved) power
Who is the author to the U.S. Constitution?
How often do we elect new senators?
Every 6 years (the Senate is called a continuous body, 1/3 up for reelection at a time)
If both the POTUS and VP die, who takes over?
Speaker of the House
How many Supreme Court Justices are there at the federal level?
How many Supreme Court Justices are there at the MA state level?
Who is currently Chief Justice?
Who is the current MA governor?
Separation of powers means what?
Authority (power) is divided among the 3 branches of government created by the constitution
Who is commander in chief of the US military?
Who has the power to veto bills?
Where do all money bills start?
House of Representatives
List one responsibility of being a U.S. citizen
Serve on a jury
How do we base our three branches of American government off of?
How do American voters base their decisions for elections?
Voter's image of the candidates, degree of voter loyalty to a political party, personal background of the voter
What are the expressed powers?
Powers clearly stated and designated for Congress
What are implied powers?
Using the Necessary and Proper Clause, powers given to Congress that are not EXPLICITLY written but stretched (ex: creation of national banks from the expressed power of regulating commerce)
What is gerrymandering?
Re-drawing out district boundary lines so that a political party benefits
What are concurrent powers?
Powers that belong to both state and federal governments
What is federalism?
powers shared between the federal and state governments
Who is the leader of the House of Reps?
Speaker of the House
When was the MA Constitution written?
In the U.S. Senate, what does the VP take the title of?
President of the Senate
Name the 2 types of legal cases
Criminal and civil cases
In a criminal trial, who bears the burden of proof?
Prosecution (State or Commonwealth)
In a civil case, it is not called a burden of proof but rather this
Preponderance of evidence
Which political party currently dominates the U.S. Senate?
What does the term platform mean in politics?
A political party's stance and views on issues
Which Supreme Court case allows for communities to define what is considered obscene or not?
Miller v. California
If a state created a constitutional provision that would conflict with our federal U.S. Constitution, what would happen?
It would be considered unconstitutional
Which amendment applied probable cause for legal searches?
What amendment forbids double jeopardy?
List 1 non-legislative power of Congress
Who is the oldest elected POTUS?
Donald J. Trump
who is the youngest elected POTUS?
Who wrote our MA state constitution?
List 3 characteristics of a state:
territory, government, population
Which previous MA governor did Ms. Cook call the "carbetbagger"?
Many of America's democratic principles are based off of what country's heritage and ideas?
What did Marbury v. Madison establish?
Judicial review -- determining whether a law is constitutional or not
How is a POTUS chosen?
Why do we have primary elections for POTUS?
So voters can express their preference for a candidate in the upcoming election
3 Qualifications for POTUS
35 years old, born in the USA, resident for at least 14 years
What does "unalienable" rights mean?
Rights that CANNOT be taken away from you
What is libel?
a printed/published and damaging false statement towards someone what damages their reputation
What is a Miranda Right?
right to remain silent
2nd amendment -->
right to bear arms
What is revenue?
Ways the government collects $$$$
What does due process really mean?
All Americans are equal under the law
What is Super Tuesday?
The date in which many states vote in the primary election process
What is double jeopardy?
Cannot be tried for the same crime twice (if found innocent/acquitted)
What is a dissenting opinion?
the minority opinion, in disagreement with
Plessy v. Ferguson ruled what?
Schools were to remain "separate but equal"
What does denaturalization refer to the loss of?
You must know examples of exclusive powers (federal government only)
Tax imports, declaration of war, change laws for patents/copyrights
You must know examples of reserved powers (state government only)
Drivers licenses, voting laws and process, power to establish local governments, marriage licenses, education?
Concurrent powers --> examples?
maintain courts, marriage and education (present day)
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government (Texas)
Daniel M. Shea
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