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Westview Dual Credit US History Final Review Assistance
Terms in this set (79)
First line across the continent from Omaha, Nebraska, to Sacramento, California, established in 1869 with the linkage of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads at Promontory, Utah.
John D. Rockefeller
Oil tycoon, co-founder of the Standard Oil Company
Steel tycoon, founder of US Steel
American railroad tycoon
Col. George Custer
American military officer who fought in various battles in the Civil War & Indian Wars; died in battle at Little Bighorn
Reception center in New York Harbor through which most European immigrants to America were processed from 1892 to 1954.
Chinese Exclusion Act
The first federal law to restrict immigration on the basis of race and class. Passed in 1882, the act halted Chinese immigration for ten years, but it was periodically renewed and then indefinitely extended in 1902. Not until 1943 were the barriers to Chinese immigration finally removed.
The era of dramatic industrial and urban growth characterized by loose government oversight over corporations, which fostered unfettered capitalism and widespread political corruption.
23rd President; from Indiana; grandson of the 9th President
20th President; assassinated in 1881 by Charles Guiteau
America's only President to serve two nonconsecutive terms; elected in 1884 & 1892
Jim Crow Laws
In the New South, these laws mandated the separation of races in various public that served as a way for the ruling whites to impose their will on all areas of black life.
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 Supreme Court case that ruled separate, but equal facilities were ok; legalized segregation; "Separate, but Equal" Doctrine
War of 1898; America fought Spain in Cuba and the Philippines; highlights America's era of imperialism
25th President; elected in 1896; President during Spanish-American War; assassinated in 1901 in Buffalo by Leon Czolgosz
26th President; elected in 1904; started Bull Moose Party in 1912 election; transformed power of the presidency; champion for preserving nature
Hawaiian monarch forced into relinquishing the Hawaiian islands to the United States
President Theodore Roosevelt announced in what was essentially a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine that the United States could intervene military to prevent interference from European powers in the Western Hemisphere.
mindset in early 1900s US that called for government solution to issues created by the increased industrialization and urbanization of the early 20th century
A type of journalism, epitomized in the 1890s by the newspaper empires of Wiloliam Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, that intentionally manipulates public opinion through sensational headlines about both real and invented events.
Writers who exposed corruption and abuses in politics, business, meat-packing, child labor, and more, primarily in the first decade of the twentieth century; their popular books and magazines articles spurred public interest in progressive reform.
Prohibition - 18th Amendment
Outlawing of alcoholic beverages in America during the 1920s
Women's Suffrage - 19th Amendment
Granted women the right to vote
Bull Moose Party
Teddy Roosevelt's 3rd party in the 1912 election that split Republican votes and allowed Wilson to win
William H. Taft
27th President and former Chief Justice of US Supreme Court; elected President in 1908; started the dollar diplomacy with Latin American countries
28th President; elected in 1912 & 1916; led America through World War I; most prominent Progressive president
World War I
1914-1918; America joined in 1917 after the proposed German-Mexican alliance; "The Great War"
British cruise liner torpedoed by German U-Boat; 128 Americans killed
Sent from Germany to Mexico asking for Mexican intervention against America during World War I
League of Nations
Organization of nations to mediate disputes and avoid war established after the First World War as part of the Treaty of Versailles; President Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech to Congress in 1918 proposed the formation of the league.
Treaty of Versailles
Signed following World War I; forced Germany to pay $33 billion in reparations, admit total blame for WWI, disarm their military; one of main causes of World War II
In 1920s, urban America experienced an era of social and intellectual revolution. Young people experimented with new forms of recreation and sexuality as well as embraced jazz music. Leading young urban intellectuals expressed a disdain for old fashioned rural and small-town values. The Eastern, urban cultural shift clashed with conservative and insular Midwestern American, which increased the tensions between the two regions.
Prohibition mobster who smuggled alcohol into the US, through Chicago, from Canada
Tennessee v. Scopes/Monkey Trial
Evolution vs. Creation; court case that occurred in the 1920s regarding education and evolution
Term used to describe fashionable and rebellious young women of the 1920s
Revolutionized American industry and manufacturing with the assembly line; created America's first affordable automobile - the Model T
First aviation hero; first to fly Trans-Atlantic solo mission; plane - Spirit of St. Louis
Female aviation hero; disappeared in her attempt to fly around the world
Warren G. Harding
29th President; known for many scandals during the 1920s; died in office in 1923
30th President; known for his silent nature; led America through a prosperous era
31st President; in office at the start of the Great Depression; unable to effectively assist Americans through the economic tragedy
Worst economic depression in American history; it was spurred by the stock market crash of 1929 and lasted until the Second World War.
Franklin D Roosevelt's campaign promise, in his speech to the Democratic National Convention of 1932, to combat the Great Depression with a "new deal for the American people;" the phrase became a catchword for his ambitious plan of economic programs.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd President; won four presidential terms, led America through the Great Depression and majority of World War II
American naval base attacked by Japanese on December 7, 1941
33rd President; took over during World War II; defeated Dewey in 1948; desegregated the military; created the containment policy
Period of intense confrontation between the US and Soviet Union following World War II until the 1980s
U.S. strategy in the cold war that called for containing Soviet expansion; originally devised in 1947 by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan.
broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947
1950-1953; America fought North Korea and China to contain communism from spreading into South Korea
American rock-n-roll sensation; changed music, television, and fashion norms
34th President; elected in 1952 & 1956; former American general in World War II
Brown v. Board of Education
U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down racial segregation in public education and declared "separate but equal" unconstitutional.
Sparked the start of the Civil Rights Movement with her refusal to move on a Montgomery bus
Martin Luther King Jr.
Leader of Civil Rights Movement; minister; promoted nonviolent protests; assassinated in Memphis in 1968
Civil Rights leader; member of the Nation of Islam; promoted more violent means to achieve equality; assassinated in New York in 1965
Little Rock Nine
Group of African American students who desegregated a Little Rock high school in 1957
Bay of Pigs Invasion
1961 US invasion of Cuba with the goal of overthrowing Fidel Castro and his communist regime
Cuban Missile Crisis
Caused when the Unites States discovered Soviet offensive missiles sites in Cuba in October 1962; the U.S.-Soviet confrontation was the cold war's closest brush with nuclear war.
John F. Kennedy
35th President; defeat Nixon in the 1960 election; responsible for Bay of Pigs Invasion and guidance through Cuban Missile Crisis; assassinated in Dallas in 1963
Lee Harvey Oswald
Murdered Lee Harvey Oswald
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th President; took over after JFK; elected in 1964; signed Civil Rights Act of 1964; began the Vietnam War
Term coined by President Lyndon B. Johnson in his 1965 State of Union address, in which he proposed legislation to address problems of voting rights, poverty, diseases, education, immigration, and the environment.
Fought 1965-1974; America struggled to contain communism from spreading into South Vietnam; only war US has lost
Democrat candidate for President in 1968; assassinated in Los Angeles in 1968
"Hippie" youth culture of the 1960s, which rejected the values of the dominant culture in favor of illicit drugs, communes, free sex, and rock music.
37th President; elected in 1968 & 1972; ended the Vietnam War; Watergate scandal
Washington office and apartment complex that lent its name to the scandal of the Nixon administration; Nixon covered up key evidence and his involvement; Nixon chose to resign as President instead of facing impeachment charges
38th President; America's only non-elected President as he took over following the Watergate scandal
39th President; elected in 1976; high gas prices, poor economic conditions and the Iran Hostage Crisis rocked his presidency
Iran Hostage Crisis
1979 Iranian take over of the American embassy in Tehran during the Carter administration; hostages held for 444 days and released when Reagan took over presidency
Economic condition in 1970s of inflation, high unemployment, and a recession at the same time; this syndrome defies the basic laws of economics
40th President; elected in 1980 & 1984; champion of conservative ideals; helped defeat the Soviet Union in the Cold War
George H.W. Bush
41st President; elected in 1988; led America through Operation Desert Storm; poor economic conditions caused him to not be reelected
Operation Desert Storm/Persian Gulf War
Military conflict in Iraq in 1991; America protected Kuwait from Iraqi invasion
42nd President; elected in 1992 & 1996; experienced a thriving economy due to the "dot com bubble"; suffered through the Monica Lewinsky scandal; one of only 2 presidents to be impeached but remained in office
Election of 2000
George W. Bush defeated Al Gore in the Presidential election by gaining more electoral votes, but losing the popular election; Florida was "too close to call" and needed days to recount votes
September 11, 2001
Al Qaeda led terrorist attacks hit Washington DC, New York City, and Pennsylvania
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