32 terms

Australia Fact Sheet 5

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monotreme
An egg-laying mammal.
platypus
A mammal with a duck bill and webbed feet. It lays eggs.
echidna
An egg-laying mammal that resembles a porcupine.
Aborigines
The common term for native Australians.
Uluru
A natural monolith in the Australian outback.
radio astronomy
Australia is a leading nation in this science.
marsupial
The native mammals of Australia are of this infraclass.
The Great Barrier Reef
A coral structure near Australia; it is the largest of its kind.
Indian Ocean
The ocean northwest of Australia.
Captain James Cook
The man who claimed Australia for Britain.
salt-water crocodiles
The largest reptiles, they are found in Australia.
dingo
Feral dogs brought to Australia by Asian sea-farers around 4,000 years ago.
Southern Ocean
The ocean to the south of Australia.
Siding Spring
The location of a well-known Australian astronomical observatory,
Magellanic Clouds
Two nearby galaxies that are observed from Australia.
Apollo 13
An American space mission aided by Australia in a crisis.
Pacific Ocean
The ocean to the east of Australia.
continent
Australia is the only nation that occupies an entire _.
sheep
The most important farm animal in Australia.
Coober Pedy
An underground village in Australia for opal miners. The surface temperature reaches 130 degrees Fahrenheit.
didgeridoo
One of the world's oldest wind instruments; it is from Australia.
Australian Royal Navy
The Australian force that patrols 10% of the world's oceans.
submarines
The focus of Australian naval forces.
Japan
The only nation to attack Australia.
ANZUS
The U.S., New Zealand, and Australia are the members of this military alliance.
Anna Creek Station
The world's largest cattle ranch; it is found in Australia. It goes years without rain. It survives on a vast aquifer.
aquifer
An underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock.
Vietnam
Many refugees from this county came to Australia to escape communism.
refugee
Someone who fled their home country to escape persecution, war, or natural disaster.
cane toad
An invasive amphibian brought from South America to eat beetles.
Kakadu
The wetlands of northern Australia and its largest national park.
Yarrabah
A 300 million year-old landscape in Queensland, Australia. It is tropical, hilly, and has rivers.
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