Biology Final Review
Terms in this set (70)
What organ adjust the buoyancy of many bony fish?
Why do honey bees dance?
They use dances to communicate information about food sources.
What are all the members of a particular species that live in one area called?
Why do biologist use a classification system to group organisms?
Because there are some animals that have the same name but aren't the same species, or the same animal with different names, or species that seem like they are closely related but aren't
What is an organism that cannot make its own food called?
What is habituation?
An aminal decreases or stops its response to a repeated stimulus that neither rewards or harms
What are two places where energy is lost at each tropic level?
up to 90 percent of energy that enters one step of the food chain is lost before the remaining 10 percent gets passed up to the next tropic level
What are arthropods classified by?
1. Arachnids(spiders)- appendages just above the front mouth
2.Myraipods(Milli/centipedes)- each segments have one or two pairs of legs
3. Crustaceans(crayfish,lobster)- Aquatic
4. Hexapods- insect like animal with 6 thoracic legs
(Body parts, number of legs)
What is the second part of the scientific name called?
What is the circadian rhythm
Behavioral cycles that occur in daily patterns (sleeping patterns)
How are movements or energy and nutrients through an ecosystem different?
Energy is 1 way/ Nutrients are 2 ways
How to spiders feed?
Make a web, wrap the insect in silk, wait for it to die, then begin to eat
How is a biome identified?
Biomes are identified with the average rainfall and the temperature
What do similar genes point to?
What do we call all interconnected feeding relationships in an ecosystem?
food chain or food web
Why are arthropods vulnerable to predators during the molting period?
their shell has not hardened
What two things does a scientific name tell us?
Its genus and species
What is operant conditioning?
An animal learns to behave in a certain way to receive an award (or punishment)-- trial and error, skinner box
How are the fish in the class Chondrichthyes alike?
Cartilage skeleton, and multiple gill slits, and paired fins
What is ecological succession?
The observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time
What is a genus?
Taxonomic category below family and above species, capitalized Latin name (ex: Homo)
What is the branch of biology dealing with interactions among organisms and between organisms and their enviornment?
Based on natural selection which organisms survive and why?
Survival of the fittest, the ones that easily adapt to the changes (environmental), or limited resources
What is an animal that eats other animals called?
What is the body of an insect divided into?
3 sections - head, thorax, abdomen
What animals eat both producers and consumers?
What are abiotic factors in an ecosystem?
the nonliving creatures
Which term is capitalized in a scientific name?
What type of organisms are always at the beginning of food chains?
Where does water pass through in fish with gills?
Where did Charles Darwin make his most famous observations?
In a frog, where do most things leave the body?
What was Darwin's book called?
Orgin of Species
What is the process bacteria used to fix nitrogen gas into ammonia?
Which individuals tend to survive with natural selection?
The individuals with the greatest number of offspring
What do plant cells have that animal cells lack?
What does the unequal heating of the earth cause?
Seasonal changes and atmospheric circulation
How does blood flow through the body of a fish?
2 chambered heart (Continual loop throughout the body)
How would a nocturnal animal with bad smell communicate?
sound of thermone chemicals
Why do amphibian eggs dry out?
They're not waterproof
How can you tell an insect from a spider?
an insect has 6 legs and 3 body sections and a spider has 8 legs and 2 body sections
What are the characteristics of a fish?
gills, fins, 2 chambered heart, closed circulatory system
What all does the theory of evolution entail?
What is the modern universally accepted naming system called?
What did Pavlov's dog learn?
Ring a bell before feeding dog (for a long time), then one time ring the bell but don't set out food... dog with salivate thinking there was food
Why do arthropods molt?
So they can grow
What is an animal that is warm-blooded, have body hair, and produce milk?
Which part of natural selection describes how some antelopes survive when lion attach the herd and some are killed?
Survival of the fittest
What is another word for innate or inborn behavior?
Which type of organisms get energy from breaking down dead or decaying plants/animals?
What is the average year-to-year conditions of temp. and precip. in a particular region called?
What processes help carbon cycle through the biosphere?
Oceans(dissolve Co2), Land (organisms, soil), Underground (petroleum, coal, calcium, carbonate rocks)
What must a hunter hunt by to be scared away by a moth showing its eye spots?
What is an example of a modern jaw less fish?
Land prey, or a hag fish
Are animals autotrophs?
No, no animals are autotrops
What is the life cycle of most amphibians like? (what do larvae breathe with and what do adults breathe with?)
start out in the water with gills and fins and end up on land with lungs and legs
What was Linnaeus's largest category of classification?
How can you tell if a behavior is learned or innate?
If all creatures of the species if they the same behavior then it's genetic
What is the presence of a useless femur and pelvis in a whale an example of?
What is insight learning?
Uses learned information to solve a new problem (using and making tools, math)
What is it called when a farmer breeds for only the trait her/she wants?
Why do many fossil vertebrates have similar bones to modern vertebrates?
What do fish use to get oxygen from the water?
What type of cells are plants, protists, fungi, and animals?
What are the stages of complete metamorphosis?
What is a group of closely related classes?
What is the original source of almost all energy in most ecosystems?
What process causes an animal to stop responding to a repetitive stimulus?
What is any change in behavior as a result of experience?
What are the characteristics of an amphibian?
3 chambered heart