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31 terms

World Geography Unit 3 South America

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Andes Mountains
the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
Llanos
plains region of eastern Colombia and western Venezuela
Cerrado
large, flat area in the interior of Brazil; used for farming; the government is encouraging its development
Pampas
the vast grassy plains of northern Argentina
Orinoco
a South American river 1,500 miles long
Amazon River
a major South American river
Parana
a South American river
mineral resources
inorganic substances that were formed by earth's geological processes; oil, natural gas, salt, sulphur and lignite
slash and burn
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
terraced farming
a technique of growing crops in step-like fields cut into hillsides or mountain slopes
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
Mestizo
a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Reggae
popular music originating in the West Indies
Oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Carnival
the most colorful feast day in brazil
Deforestation
the removal of trees
Junta
a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
Slum
a district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions
Rain forest
a forest with heavy annual rainfall
Push factor
factor, such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one
Pull factor
factor such as freedom or employment opportunities that attract a person to a country
Spanish Conquest
the conquering of the Native Americans by the Spanish
Maquiladora
Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
Cultural hearth
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Calypso
(Greek mythology) the sea nymph who detained Odysseus for seven years
Informal economy
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Inca
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
Quechua
a member of a South American Indian people in Peru who were formerly the ruling class of the Inca empire