the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
large, flat area in the interior of Brazil; used for farming; the government is encouraging its development
inorganic substances that were formed by earth's geological processes; oil, natural gas, salt, sulphur and lignite
slash and burn
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
a technique of growing crops in step-like fields cut into hillsides or mountain slopes
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
factor, such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one
Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.