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Arts and Humanities
History : Chapter 21 - End of Cold War & Contempary Western War
Terms in this set (42)
True or False - The Soviet Union "ceased to exist" in December, 1991
True or False - In 1988, Poland held the first free elections on forty years on Eastern Europe
True or False - The border between East & West Germany was opened in 1985
True or False - Yugoslavia had always been a satellite of the Soviet Union
True or False - Osama Bin Laden used his terrorist organization al-Qaeda to strike a the heart of the United States on September 11, 2001
improved relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union in the 1970s
In political history, the term "détente" refers to
the multiethnic republics
One of the most serious problems facing Gorbachev's reforms was
Reforms began in Romania after _____ was removed from power
The "détente" phase of relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union ended with the Soviet invasion of
The policy that the Soviet Union had a right to intervene if communism was threatened in another Communist nation was known as the
The Russian word perestroika, used to describe the reform movement led by Mikhail Gorbachev, means
too many political reforms
By 1980, the Soviet Union was ailing from all the following causes EXCEPT one. Which one?
sign the Brezhnev Doctrine
President Reagan did all of the following EXCEPT
Gorbachev soon realized that economic reform would not succeed without
the potential for global nuclear destruction
During the Cold War Era (1945-1990), the United States and the Soviet Union were reluctant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
high cost of maintaining the arms race
In the Soviet Union, a negative aspect of the Cold War Era was
the Soviet Union had military forces in Eastern Europe as a result of WWII
Which was a major reason for the success of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe after WWII?
determination to maintain political control over Eastern Europe at that time
The events that took place in Hungary in the 1950's and in Czechoslovakia in the 1960's demonstrated the Soviet Union's
support governments that would remain strong allies
United States involvement in the Vietnam War and the Soviet Union's involvement in Afghanistan were motivated mainly by a desire to
introducing some market economy strategies
During the 1980's, the Soviet Union experimented with modifications of its command economy by
nationalism has often been a strong force for change
Which statement best describes the political situation in Eastern Europe during the 1980's?
Military expenditures were more important than consumer goods
Which is a valid statement about the Soviet Union from the time of the Bolshevik Revolution through 1991?
increase production in vital areas by introducing individual free enterprise
During the late 1980's in the Soviet Union, a major element of Gorbachev's economic policy of Perestroika was traditionally, a communist, or command economy, controls the means of production by having government agencies involved in production planning. Gorbachev's policy of perestroika sought to
The economic differences between East & West Germany have limited the growth of the total German economy
What is the main idea of this 1991 cartoon?
increased demands of minority ethnic groups in the soviet republics
During the late 1980's, the Soviet Union experienced internal unrest mainly as a result of
Soviet Republics demanded the right of self-determination (independence)
During the presidency of Mikhail Gorbachev, which problem faced the Soviet Union?
ethnic violence was broken out in some regions
One result of the collapse of the Soviet Union has been that
demands for democracy ended many totalitarian governments in Eastern Europe
"Polish Communist Party Fails in Election Bid" "Romanians Depose Communist Dictator" Which is a valid conclusion based on these headlines from the late 1980's?
In both former Yugoslavia and the former Soviet Union, the desire for self-determination is resulting in increased
end of the Soviet domination of Eastern Europe
The destruction of the Berlin Wall in 1989 is symbolic of the
if industries that have been owned by the government become privately owned
Economic systems answer the question of how goods and services are produced. What is one way a country could change from a command economy to a market economy?
president of the US during the 1980's, called the USSR the "evil empire"
the US would issue a full-scale nuclear attack on the Soviet Union in response to communist aggression anywhere in the world
nation controlled by the Soviet Union
restructuring of the Soviet economy and bureaucracy
a political system in which the government has complete control of political, economic, and social issues
if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
policy of opening discussion of political and social issues; freer press and media
leader of the USSR from 1985-1990 that instituted political and economic changes
stopping the spread of communism
The Line of separation between democracy west and the communist east
• New arms race (or Second Cold War) - of the 1980's caused the USSR to experience severe economic troubles
• Economic and political reforms - led by Goebachev were necessary because of economic troubles
• Ethnic unrest in the soviet republics - were also hampering the government and led to political reform
• Decline of communism around the world - led to trouble in Chine and other communist governments
• Satellite states rebel - and the USSR is unwilling to use force to stop them marking the end of their power
- SOVIET UNION COLLAPSES IN DECEMBER 1991
Explain reasons why the Cold War ended.
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