Global History Regents Review Master Set 2016
Terms in this set (160)
Which documents come directly from the person or event, such as diaries, letters, films & videos of events?
Which person studies how landforms, water, climate, and location affect people and regions?
Which person studies artifacts (human-made objects)?
Which person studies how goods and resources are used?
Which kind of map shows land forms (mountains, rivers, deserts)?
Which kind of map shows borders (countries & cities)?
A way of life of a group of people is called?
When idea spread from one society to another it is called?
These features are part of what?
-public works (like canals & roads)
-art & architecture
- organized religion
What period in time did people learned to grow food and domesticated animals, built homes and stay in one place?
Which ancient civilization had the following?
-Sumerians and Babylonians
-Cuneiform, 12 month calendar
-Code of Hammurabi (First Written Laws)
-Is located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Code of Hammurabi
What were the first written laws called?
"eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth"
different punishments for different social classes
Which ancient civilization had the following?
-Pharaoh (absolute ruler)
-Stone palaces, pyramids, hieroglyphics
-Is located on the Nile River in North Africa
Which belief system is?
-Follow the 10 Commandments
-Their leader is Moses
-Is located in Present Day Israel
Who was a philosopher that believed in filial piety, and social order, harmony and good government could be organized around 5 basic relationships?
The Hung He (Yellow River)
China's first civilization, ruled by the Shang Dynasty, that developed silk, bronze objects, irrigation system, calendar, picture writing?
Which economic system was based on agriculture (farming) & barter (trade)?
Indus River Valley
Which ancient civilization is this?
-First civilization in India
-Grew a surplus of food and built cities
-Sewer system and water supply
-First to make cotton cloth
Who was the Roman emperor who founded the capital city of the Byzantine Empire, and outlawed the persecution of Christians?
Mountains & Islands
Which geographic features led to separate city-states (like Athens and Sparta), in Greece?
Who was first Emperor of Rome?
Who was a great Roman general and dictator, that conquered Gaul, and defeated Pompey the Great?
Which Greek city state was lead by Pericles(democracy), and made developments in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.
Which city state focused on the military, and discouraged the arts?
Which classic civilization was founded by Augustus, had two classes, patricians (wealthy), plebeians (craftsman, merchants, farmers), developed the Twelve Tables of Roman Law, and had 200 years of Peace, called Pax Romena?
Who defeated Marc Antony to become the first emperor of the Roman Empire and began the Pax Romana?
What was the war called between ATHENS and SPARTA that threatened to tear all of Greece apart is called what?
Alexander the Great
Who created the Hellenistic culture by concurring Greece, Egypt, and Persia?
What is the combination of Greek Egyptian, and Persian culture is called?
India during the Classical Civilizations
Which classic civilization had Aryans (invaders from central Asia), followed Hinduism, and Caste System?
Which Indian dynasty built universities, developed the concept of zero, a decimal system, and experienced a Golden Age of Hindu culture?
Who was the King of Maurya Empire in India?
Akbar the Great
Who was the emperor of the Mughal Empire in India that increased trade and cultural diffusion, and improved rights for women?
Which Dynasty developed civil service examination protected the Silk Road, and
ruled for 400 years?
Which dynasty had Shih Huang-ti as an emperor, who was a harsh ruler, that built the Great Wall of China and Practiced legalism?
Who was the founder of Christianity, and was considered son of God by Christians?
Who was the founder of Islam?
Golden Age of Islam
Which golden age preserved Greek and Roman learning was preserved, made advances in
medicine, and advances in algebra.
Which belief system followed the 4 Nobel Truths, and the 8 Fold Path?
Who is also known as "Buddha", and was the founder of Buddhism?
Animism & Shinto
Which belief systems belive that all things in nature have spirits?
Which belief system practiced filial piety, and believed social order is established through relationships?
Which Empire was once the Eastern half of Roman Empire, developed the Justinian Code (written laws) and preserved Greek and Roman culture?
What city was the capital of Byzantine Empire, was located between Mediterranean & Black sea, and was located between Asia & Europe, and was the crossroads of trade?
Which country was influenced by the Byzantine Empire's Eastern Orthodox Christian Religion and the Cyrillic Alphabet?
What was Europe's political system after fall of Rome, where land was exchange for military service, and the Church gains power?
Chivalry & Bushido
What were codes of conduct for medieval warriors (knights & samurai)?
Which economic system was based on agricultural (based on farming), were self-sufficient, and serfs had to pay taxes and were bound to the land?
Roman Catholic Church
What was the most powerful force during Middle Ages (Dark Ages), in Europe?
Which wars were fought because catholics wanted to capture the Holy Land and Pope promised salvation (pardon from sins) for those who fought for the holy land?
Which empire conquered Byzantines, took Constantinople, and controlled Eastern Mediterranean trade?
Trade increased between Europe and the Middle East, and Asia and cultural diffusion occurred between Europe and the Middle East and Asia.
What were the effects of the crusades?
Bubonic Plague (Black Death)
Which disease spread from Asia to Europe through trade and caused labor shortages?
Who united a violent nomadic group called the Mongols, and was the greatest leader of the Mongol Empire?
Which empire controlled most of Asia, parts of Eastern Europe?
What was a period of "Mongol Peace", political stability and increased trade called?
Who was the Italian explorer that introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China, from his travels throughout Asia?
Tang and Song dynasties
Which dynasties in China developed, porcelain, gunpowder, and printing?
West African Kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai)
Which kingdoms profited from the trans-Saharan trade of salt and gold?
Who was the emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa that was made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca?
Which scientist studied the laws of motion, built a telescope, and proved Copernicus theory?
Who developed the first modern theory of a sun-centered universe, which challenged the Roman Catholic Church?
Caravel, Compass, Astrolabe, Improved Cartography (mapmaking)
Which inventions helped to improve navigation?
What event occurred after Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses, complaining about Catholic indulgences?
Who was a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Church, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices, and led the Protestant Reformation?
What did Johann Gutenberg invent that helped to spread of ideas across Europe faster, and helped fuel Protestant Reformation?
Renaissance & Humanism
Which revolution was a "rebirth" of Greek & Roman ideas, was secular (worldly, not religious), and focused on individuals?
Leonardo Da Vinci
Who was a Renaissance artist who is famous for painting the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper?
Who was the Italian explorer for Spain, who made contact with the Americas in 1492?
Mayans & Aztecs in Mesoamerica
Incas in South America
Which Pre-Columbian advanced civilizations were colonized by European countries?
Which social class system included peninsulas, creoles, mestizos & mulattoes, native Americans & Africans?
Which economic system was based on trade, used colonies as a sources of raw materials, was used for markets of manufactured products, and where European countries wanted a more favorable balance of trade?
Who was considered to be the first explorer to circumnavigate the globe?
Middle Passage, transatlantic slave trade
What name was given to the voyage was from Africa to Americas which transported slave?
Who was a Chinese explorer who sailed Japan, Africa, and the Middle East, whose voyages helped to reinforce Chinese ethnocentrism.
During which revolution did guilds, banking systems, capitalism, and joint stock companies develop?
What lead to cultural diffusion between Europe and the Americas, introduced new foods that increased population in Europe, but devastated the population in the Americas from disease & conquest?
Vasco da Gama
Who was an explorer who sailed around Africa to India in 1498?
Who was a Spanish conquistador who led the domination of the Inca?
What is it called when a ruler believes that God gave them the power to rule?
Who was an absolute monarch in France, that built Versailles, and put France into debt?
Peter the Great (I)
Who was the Emperor that played a vital role in the westernization of Russia?
Which political system follows the divine right theory, has centralized power, and is usually lead by a monarch?
Catherine the Great
Who was the Empress of Russia, that defeated the Ottoman Turks and secured a warm water port for Russia?
Czar Nicholas II
Who Czar of Russia that was over thrown by Russian Revolution?
What event was based on Scientific Revolution, had a focus on the use of reason, and called for natural rights (like life & liberty) for all?
Who wrote "The Prince" and believed that people are naturally evil and needed a strong government and said, "end justifies the means"?
Who was an Enlightened thinker, who believed in Spirit of the Laws and the need for three branches of government?
Who believed that all people have a right to life, liberty, and property, and can overthrow the government if natural rights had been denied?
Which Enlightenment philosopher believed in freedom of speech?
Who was the economist who wrote The Wealth of Nations, that included his theory of free trade or laissez-faire (hands off) economics?
Which economic system believed that government should stay out of economics, and supply and demand will determine prices of products?
Which philosopher believed that people are born evil and thought there was a need for an absolute ruler?
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Who was theFrench writer of The Social Contract, that believed that government should be run according to the "general will" of the people (majority rules)?
Which political system was developed as a result of the Magna Carta, the Glorious Revolution, and the English Bill of Rights?
Who was a general then Emperor of France
and led French armies in conquering much of Europe, but defeated in Russia, and was exiled on the island of Elba?
Which revolution started because the Third Estate had to pay all of the taxes and had no rights?
Who was an absolute monarch in France during the French Revolution, whose wife was Marie Antoinette, and were both executed by the people?
Jose de San Martin
Who was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence?
Who was a formerly enslaved person who lived in Haiti, that led a revolution to remove France from my land?
Who led the independence movements in many South American countries like Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador and Peru, andGran Colombia', a country freed from the Spanish, and became its President?
Who was the founder as well as the first President of Republic of Turkey. He overthrew the Ottoman Turks, and defeated the Greeks, and replaced the Law of Islam with the Swiss Civil Code.
Natural Resources and water ways
Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Britain?
Suez Canal & Panama Canal
Which two canals are important shortcuts for ocean trade and travel?
Who was the most famous for co-writing The Communist Manifesto, where his ideas about social classes clashing were written?
When one country takes over another country, Politically, economically, and socially, it is called?
Sepoy Mutiny (India) & Boxer Rebellion (China)
What were two events that attempted to remove foreign influence from peoples counties?
Who was a well known British Imperialist in South Africa?
Who was an English writer who created the term the "White Man's Burden"?
What was it called when Japan wanted to westernize, industrialize, and modernized?
Lack of Natural Resources
Why did Japan need to Imperialize?
Irish Potato Famine
What event lead to starvation due to crop failure, and the migration of many Irish people to other countries?
What unified Germany & Italy, but broke up Austria-Hungary & Ottoman Empire?
Otto von Bismarck
Who was the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Prussia, and was also the first Chancellor of the German empire, and played an extremely vital role in unifying Germany through "Blood and Iron"?
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, and
the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
What were the causes of World War I?
Who was the Archduke of Austria, who's 1914 assassination marks beginning of WWI?
Who was the King of Spain and Portugal, that married Queen Mary I of England?
Treaty of Versailles
Which treaty blamed Germany for WWI, forced Germany to pay reparations, and took land away from Germany?
League of Nations
Which organization failed due to a lack of military power, and because the US did not join?
Who was the czar of Russia until the Russian Revolution of 1917, who's entire family and him were executed because of this revolution?
Economic Hardship (Great Depression)
Why were fascists leaders able to gain power in Europe between World War I & World War II?
Which political system has total control of the government, and practices censorship?
Who succeded Vladimir Lenin as the leader of Soviet Union, developed the Five-Year Plan to improved the financial condition of the nation. I
What did Stalin call his attempt to increase Soviet industrial and agricultural output?
Who played a very vital role in the Russian Revolution, and won support by promising, "Peace, Land, and Bread"?
"Peace, Land, and Bread"
What did Lenin promised to gain support from the people in Russia?
Who was an Italian leader, that led a Fascist Party and sided with Hitler and Germany?
Who was an extremely famous German dictator, that was responsible for the World War II, because he invaded Poland, that believed that the Germans belonged to the superior Aryan race?
Marshall Plan & Truman Doctrine
What two programs provided US aid to other countries to contain (stop) communism?
Who was the leader who helped liberate Kenya from European imperialism?
Who was an extremely famous and prominent figure in the Indian freedom struggle, that led the Salt March, and practiced civil disobedience?
Military Alliance against the Soviet Union
What is NATO(Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization)?
Cuban Missile Crisis, Korean War, and Vietnam War
What were three events that occurred during the Cold war?
What does the Middle East have that is controlled by OPEC?
Who was an Islamic Religious leader that led
Great Leap Forward
What did Mao Zedong call his attempt to build Chinese industry and agriculture, that failed?
Which leader attempt to build Chinese industry and agriculture, and give more economic freedom (capitalism), through his Four Modernizations, and ordered the attack on Tiananmen Square?
Violence Hindus and Muslims
Why Did Britain partition (split) India and Pakistan after WWII?
What term describes the segregation (separation) of races in South Africa?
What revolution led to Islamist theocracy (government by religious leaders)?
Perestroika & Glasnost
What were Gorbachev's economic & political reforms in Soviet Union, that led to breakup of Soviet Union?
Human Rights Violations
The massacres and genocide in Armenia, Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, and Hutus & Tutsis in Rwanda, are examples of what?
When deserts expanding due to overuse (over farming & overgrazing) it is called what?
What revolution increased agricultural production thanks to 20th century technology?
What is it called when countries want to build up nuclear weapons (like Iran & North Korea)?
Who was well-known for his efforts to maintain peace between Israel and Palestine, and leader of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization)?
Who was the President of Cuban Republic., that improved the health facilities and the living conditions of the poor, and in 1961, I declared Cuba as a communist state?
Who was the Chinese Communist leader, that allows elements of capitalism, and increases interactions with foreign countries, through his Four Moderations, but ordered tanks to Tiananmen Square to stop demonstrators for democracy?
Who was a South African, that worked to put an end to apartheid (racial segregation) in South Africa, he did this in a non-violent manner, but later was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1990, until President Frederik Willem de Klerk released him,after which he won the first multiracial elections in South Africa and became the President?
Who was a religious leader of South Africa, that worked to put an end to apartheid (racial segregation)?
F.W. de Klerk
Who played a vital role in putting an end to apartheid in South Africa, that demanded the formulation of a new Constitution, which led to the formation of the first multiracial government in South Africa?
Who was the founder of People's Republic of China that led the Communist Party and published his ideas in a little red book?
Who was the leader of Cambodia (1975 - 1979) and ruler of the Khmer Rouge who killed almost 2 million of his own people?
Who was a Chinese nationalist leader who fought to end foreign domination, and he and his nationalists, were forced to flee China under Mao's communist rule?
Who was the emperor of Japan throughout World War II?
Ho Chi Minh
Who was the leader of Vietnam who removed the French from his country, who's ultimate goal was for Vietnam became a Communist nation?
Shah Reza Pahlavi
Who was the dictator of Iran from 1941 to 1979, was friendly with the United States and opposed communism during the Cold War, but was overthrown by his own people in the Iranian Revolution?
Which Soviet leader policy brought an end to the Cold War, and his domestic policy introduced major reforms, under Glasnost and Perestroika?
Who was the President of Iraq that used chemical weapons on his own people, went to war with Iran, invaded Kuwait, was defeated by US and its allies in the Gulf War, and was killed for his crimes against humanity?
Who was the president of Russia after Gorbachev until 1999, that helped to keep the Communist Party out of power?